the economic system designed so that a country exports more than it imports. It was enacted upon Britain in order to gain revenue from the colonies- draining resources from outside colonies to benefit the mother country
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically.
a duty on sugar sent form the West Indies, colonists importing have to pay a tax to the British Empire, it's eventually lowered due to colonial opposition
an act enforced by the British that forced colonists to give shelter and food to British troops following the French and Indian War
a duty on on ALL legal documents (contracts, notary, marriage licenses), which adds a cost to doing business/daily life
no taxation without representation
the response of the colonists after the enactment of the Stamp Act
the idea that defines a just society in which all citizens willingly subordinated their private/selfish interests for the common good- everything depends on the virtue of the citizenry
a political faction that feared the treat to liberty posed by the arbitrary power of the monarch and ministers relative to elected representatives in Parliament- attacked patronage and bribes by the king's minsters and addressed the problems of corruption
rules that aimed at rival Dutch shippers trying to elbow their way into American carrying trade- this act prohibited America from trading with any other country except Britain
the solution after currency issues came to a massive threat as currency was constantly drained from the colonies from Britain's war debt- it's not a big success as it's depreciated
TRUE OR FALSE? Colonists were provided the protection of the British army and navy all for free
name of the prime minister who calls for the enforcement of the Navigation Laws, Sugar Act, and Stamp Act
TRUE OR FALSE? The stamp tax that was in Britain was lesser than the 1765 stamp tax in America
Parliament's response to "no taxation without representation", with their idea saying how all of Parliament represents the governed bodies, with each member of Parliament representing the citizens of the colonies (they will take colonists' grievances to "consideration")
Sons and Daughters of Liberty
a minority seeking independence which would in turn spur a trend in demanding independence from Britain
Tar and feathered
the process in which humiliation of agents of the British government would take place, imitating a chicken--this would cause fear in members of Parliament and cause them to quit their jobs/lower taxes
the act that reaffirmed Parliament's right to "bind" the colonies "in all cases whatsoever". It defines Britain's absolute sovereignty over the colonies.
duty taxes enacted by Britain that places a tax on all light utility goods, such as glass, white lead, paper, paint, and tea.
which legislature was suspended in 1767 for failure to comply with the Quartering Act by London government?
one of the first to die during the Boston Massacre, he was a "mulatto" and a leader of the mob
the second cousin of John Adams, he was one of the first to incite feelings of rebellion and independence; he was a "patriot" and a "brewer"
after the Boston Massacre, he defends two British soldiers in court, acknowledging the event through their perspective (they are released and send back to England)
Committees of correspondence
inspired by Samuel Adams, they are groups formed by discontent against the British officials over Navigation Laws, and other British policies; they went to boycott British goods--each colony had one and it encouraged unity.
Parliament's response to the Boston Tea Party, resulting in many of the chartered rights of Massachusetts being swept away- such as restrictions on town meetings
Boston Port Act
act that closes ports, closing off the harbors of Boston until damages were paid and order could be ensued
how do the colonies aid the city of Boston during their time being confined by numerous Intolerable Acts?
an act in which the French were guaranteed their Catholic religion; permitted to retain many of their old customs and institutions, which didn't include a representative assembly or trial by jury- old boundaries of the province of Quebec now extended southward all the way to the Ohio River- this was Britain's solution to deal with the French colonists won over by the French and Indian War
a meeting called in response to the Intolerable Acts, it was to meet in Philadelphia to consider ways of redressing colonial grievances; it results in the Declaration of Rights
weapons and ammunition
What did the British come to discover what the colonists were storing in Lexington and Concord?
farmer/peasant soldiers, who reported within a minute for their town (1st type of revolutionary army)
Marquis de Lafayette
a French nobleman who was a major general of a colonial army- he offered his service as well as nearly $200,000 in private funds in support of the American cause
Ticonderoga and Crown Point
what two garrisons were captured by Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold in May 1775?
Olive Branch Petition
adopted in July 1775, it was meant as a peace agreement to reconcile hostilities with the British after the battle of Bunker Hill, but was quickly rejected by George III
TRUE OR FALSE? many of the Hessians were greedy and thus deserted the British army and became citizens of America
a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine (nowhere in the physical universe did the smaller heavenly body control the larger one)
a component many colonists in America felt was fundamental to any successful republican government