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mercantilism

the economic system designed so that a country exports more than it imports. It was enacted upon Britain in order to gain revenue from the colonies- draining resources from outside colonies to benefit the mother country

imperialism

A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically.

Sugar Act

a duty on sugar sent form the West Indies, colonists importing have to pay a tax to the British Empire, it's eventually lowered due to colonial opposition

Quartering Act

an act enforced by the British that forced colonists to give shelter and food to British troops following the French and Indian War

Stamp Act

a duty on on ALL legal documents (contracts, notary, marriage licenses), which adds a cost to doing business/daily life

1764

date of the Sugar Act

1765

date of the Quartering Act

1765

date of the Stamp Act

no taxation without representation

the response of the colonists after the enactment of the Stamp Act

enumerated goods

goods that could only be shipped to England

republicanism

the idea that defines a just society in which all citizens willingly subordinated their private/selfish interests for the common good- everything depends on the virtue of the citizenry

Whigs

a political faction that feared the treat to liberty posed by the arbitrary power of the monarch and ministers relative to elected representatives in Parliament- attacked patronage and bribes by the king's minsters and addressed the problems of corruption

navigation laws

rules that aimed at rival Dutch shippers trying to elbow their way into American carrying trade- this act prohibited America from trading with any other country except Britain

paper money

the solution after currency issues came to a massive threat as currency was constantly drained from the colonies from Britain's war debt- it's not a big success as it's depreciated

True

TRUE OR FALSE? Colonists were provided the protection of the British army and navy all for free

False

TRUE OR FALSE? The system of mercantilism calls for more imports than exports

George Grenville

name of the prime minister who calls for the enforcement of the Navigation Laws, Sugar Act, and Stamp Act

False

TRUE OR FALSE? The stamp tax that was in Britain was lesser than the 1765 stamp tax in America

virtual representation

Parliament's response to "no taxation without representation", with their idea saying how all of Parliament represents the governed bodies, with each member of Parliament representing the citizens of the colonies (they will take colonists' grievances to "consideration")

New York City

the place in which the STAMP ACT CONGRESS took place

9

how many colonies took part in the Stamp Act Congress?

Sons and Daughters of Liberty

a minority seeking independence which would in turn spur a trend in demanding independence from Britain

Tar and feathered

the process in which humiliation of agents of the British government would take place, imitating a chicken--this would cause fear in members of Parliament and cause them to quit their jobs/lower taxes

Declaratory Act

an act that resulted from the repealing of the Stamp Act

Declaratory Act

the act that reaffirmed Parliament's right to "bind" the colonies "in all cases whatsoever". It defines Britain's absolute sovereignty over the colonies.

tea

the one product that was NOT repealed of a tax following the repealing of the Townshend Acts

Townshend Acts

duty taxes enacted by Britain that places a tax on all light utility goods, such as glass, white lead, paper, paint, and tea.

New York

which legislature was suspended in 1767 for failure to comply with the Quartering Act by London government?

Crispus Attucks

one of the first to die during the Boston Massacre, he was a "mulatto" and a leader of the mob

Samuel Adams

the second cousin of John Adams, he was one of the first to incite feelings of rebellion and independence; he was a "patriot" and a "brewer"

John Adams

after the Boston Massacre, he defends two British soldiers in court, acknowledging the event through their perspective (they are released and send back to England)

Committees of correspondence

inspired by Samuel Adams, they are groups formed by discontent against the British officials over Navigation Laws, and other British policies; they went to boycott British goods--each colony had one and it encouraged unity.

Boston Tea Party

the colonists' reaction to the British tea tax, throwing out tea in Boston Harbor

Intolerable Acts

Parliament's response to the Boston Tea Party, resulting in many of the chartered rights of Massachusetts being swept away- such as restrictions on town meetings

Boston Port Act

act that closes ports, closing off the harbors of Boston until damages were paid and order could be ensued

send food

how do the colonies aid the city of Boston during their time being confined by numerous Intolerable Acts?

Quebec Act

an act in which the French were guaranteed their Catholic religion; permitted to retain many of their old customs and institutions, which didn't include a representative assembly or trial by jury- old boundaries of the province of Quebec now extended southward all the way to the Ohio River- this was Britain's solution to deal with the French colonists won over by the French and Indian War

Continental Congress

a meeting called in response to the Intolerable Acts, it was to meet in Philadelphia to consider ways of redressing colonial grievances; it results in the Declaration of Rights

The Association

an intercolonial agreement boycotting English goods after the Continental Congress

Rejected

Were the grievances of the Continental Congress approved or rejected by Parliament?

weapons and ammunition

What did the British come to discover what the colonists were storing in Lexington and Concord?

minutemen

farmer/peasant soldiers, who reported within a minute for their town (1st type of revolutionary army)

Battle of Lexington and Concord

what skirmish was known as the "shot heard round the world"?

Philadelphia

what city was the Continental Congress held in?

For Unity

was the French and Indian War a cause FOR UNITY or AGAINST UNITY?

For Unity

was the Proclamation of 1763 a cause FOR UNITY or AGAINST UNITY?

For Unity

was the developing American culture a cause FOR UNITY or AGAINST UNITY?

For Unity

was salutary neglect a cause FOR UNITY or AGAINST UNITY?

For Unity

were the Navigation Laws a cause FOR UNITY or AGAINST UNITY?

Against Unity

were diverse nationalities and religions a cause FOR UNITY or AGAINST UNITY?

Against Unity

was geography a cause FOR UNITY or AGAINST UNITY?

Against Unity

was social disparity a cause FOR UNITY or AGAINST UNITY?

Marquis de Lafayette

a French nobleman who was a major general of a colonial army- he offered his service as well as nearly $200,000 in private funds in support of the American cause

Philadelphia

In what city did the SECOND CONTINENTAL CONGRESS meet in 1775?

13

How many colonies were represented at the 2nd Continental Congress?

George Washington

Who did Congress select to head the hastily improvised army besieging Boston?

True

TRUE OR FALSE? Congress had selected Washington because he was an aristocrat and wealthy.

Ticonderoga and Crown Point

what two garrisons were captured by Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold in May 1775?

Olive Branch Petition

adopted in July 1775, it was meant as a peace agreement to reconcile hostilities with the British after the battle of Bunker Hill, but was quickly rejected by George III

Hessians

name of the German mercenaries hired to help out British forces

True

TRUE OR FALSE? many of the Hessians were greedy and thus deserted the British army and became citizens of America

Unsuccessful

Were the Americans successful or unsuccessful invading Canada?

Common Sense

a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine (nowhere in the physical universe did the smaller heavenly body control the larger one)

citizen virtue

a component many colonists in America felt was fundamental to any successful republican government

natural aristocracy

what did the patriots favor who should rule a republic?

John Locke

the main inspiration behind the Declaration of Independence

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