Intro to Geo

44 terms by mcook1818 

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5 themes of geography

location,place,movement,regions,relationship/interaction

location

absolute,relative

absolute

latitude and longitude

relative

relationship using cardinal directions
North South East West ex. Pittsburgh is north of Florida

place

human and physical characteristics

human characteristics

culture be careful of sterotyping

physical characteristics

landforms ecosystems *climate

movement

people,goods,ideas

people

migrate(stay within country) and or immigrate(move out of country)

goods

imported(coming in) and or exported(going out)

ideas

inventions

interaction

people,environment

people(interaction)

communication verbally non verbally

environment

positive and or negative

regions

formal division,functional division,perceptual division

formal division

one thing that defines it
states country city(politcal borders) steppe in Northern Eurasia *corn belt

functional division

one thing/place and everything it affects
WWII hurricanes earthquakes 9/11

perceptual division

accurate feeling or attitude about a place

geography

study of earth

prime meridian

0 degrees longitude

eastern hemisphere

is Euope, Asia, Australia, and Africa

western hemisphere

North America and South America

international date line

IDL, 180 degrees from the prime meridian

culture

beliefs and actions for a people's way of life

population density

number of people per square mile

birthrate

number of births per year per 1,000

cultural hearth

place where an idea began

cultural convergence

mixing of two cultures

diffusion

spreading of ideas

cultural divergence

one culture dominates another

sovereignty

free from rules

unitary system

one central government

federation

division of power

confederation

strong local government and weak central government

authoritarian

leaders hold all power

dictatorship

form of authoritarian,control of military and government

totalitarian

form a dictatorship controls everything

monarchy

authoritarian; king or queen

democracy

constitutional monarchy
*people vote on every issue

republic

people voter for representitives

constitutional monarchy

king/queen and some elected officials

traditional economy

subsistence,grow just enough food to survive

market economy

free enterprise or capitalism,sell things to make a profit

command economy

all econmoics decisions are made by government

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