When Mary retired from her job of 30 years, her health improved and her income fell. From a dynamic- systems approach, she experienced a:
A researcher interested in making a multicultural comparison would be most likely to compare which of the following?
Australians and Canadians
A researcher interested in how computer abilities change with age examines the computer skills of 14-year-olds and 20-year-olds. She finds that the computer skills of the 20-year-olds are better than those of the 14-year-olds. Which of the following is a possible explanation for this result?
A behavior by a researcher that would be considered unethical is:
changing the data to support the hypothesis.
Danielle sucks her thumb because she finds it very pleasurable. She is also becoming emotionally attached to her daddy, Andy, who feeds her. According to Freud, Danielle is most likely in:
the oral stage.
Lori always yells at her 5-year-old son Jake when he won't get dressed for school. Although she has been yelling at him to get dressed nearly every day for months, he still does not comply when she asks him to get dressed. Operant conditioning would explain this by pointing out that:
Lori's yelling is serving as a reinforcer
Because Suzanne is pregnant, she drinks only one glass of wine a day and smokes fewer cigarettes than previously. She should be told that:
each drug might intensify the effects of the other.
The biological protection of the brain when malnutrition temporarily affects body growth is known as:
The Swiss scientist who emphasized that infants are active learners and that early learning is based on sensory and motor skills was:
Piaget's basic test for object permanence involves:
showing a baby an interesting toy and then covering it with a cloth.
A baby sticks out its tongue and another person laughs. The baby joins in the laughter and deliberately sticks out its tongue again. Piaget would call this:
secondary circular reactions.
Dr. Hoemann believes that a child's behavior problems are caused entirely by the parents' use of reinforcements and punishments. Dr. Hoemann is most likely a(n):
Ruby does not notice when her mother leaves the day-care center and ignores her mother when she returns. Ruby's behavior is:
The manner of studying human development that takes into account all phases of life is referred to as the:
Some teratogens are harmless until they reach a certain level of exposure; they then become dangerous, demonstrating the:
By the eighth week after conception, the embryo has almost all of the basic organs except:
Studies comparing breast-feeding with bottle-feeding show that:
breast-fed babies have fewer allergies and stomach aches.
According to Erikson, an infant who does not successfully resolve the ___________ crisis may become cynical about her social environment.
trust versus mistrust
According to your text book, when infants use facial expressions to help them understand what to do in new situations, they are engaging in what researchers call _________.
Four mothers whose infants are in a play group walk out of the room for a few minutes and then come back in. Which one of their infants displays an anxious-resistant pattern of attachment?
Tracy, who would not be comforted in her mother's absence and is now angrily hitting at her mother with her tiny fist.