Pharmacology Quiz 1

78 terms by Cassers

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the term used for an antibiotic that is effective against many different types of bacteria is?

broad spectrum

penicillin may be used prophylactically (without evidence of an acute infection) in the management of?

rheumatic fever

amoxicillin is superior to oral penicillin V in every respect except?

it needs to be taken more frequently during the day

a cross sensitivity may occur between penicillin and ?

cephalexin

another name for the macrolide antibiotics is?

the erythromycins

viruses different from other microorganisms in that they:

require an intact call to replicate

interferon alfa is used in the treatment of?

hepatitis B.

an agent often used in the treatment of AIDS is?

zidovudine

a common use for the sulfonamides is for :

urinary tract infection

drugs that may cross-react with sulfonamide to cause an allergic reaction include all of the following except:

penicillin

which preparation would not be expected to produce a systemic effect?

ear drops

the most convenient systemic dosage from is?

oral tablet

which method of administration would have the most rapid systemic effect?

intravenous

an IV solution should generally not be used if it is is

cloudy, discolored, or noted to have "floaters"

parenteral administration means:

administration by injection

the manin advantage of pre-filled disposable syringes is:

accuracy

patient compliance may be increased with all the except with dosage form?

four-times daily oral medication

preparations generally applied for local effect are:

oitments

the dosage form that has been shown to avoid removal/inactivation of the drug by the liver and spleen is:

transdermal pathces

the hourly volume administration by an intravenous solution is calculated by:

drops per minute

which of the following will not affect the dose of a drug given to an individual?

time of day the medicine is administered

the dose of a given drug may be smaller if administered:

intravenously

which part of the prescription indicated the directions to the patient?

the signatura

the measured portion of a medicine to be given to the patient is called the:

dose

when an individual reacts unusually to a drug, it is termed:

idiosyncrasy

some instances of drug intolerance may be caused by:

genetic factors

the abbreviation for "every day" is:

qd

the abbreviation for "three times a day" is:

tid

the abbreviation for "right eye" is:

od

the abbreviation for "at bedtime" is:

hs

a suspension of fat globules in an aqueous preparation is called an:

emulsion

a solution containing alcohol is called:

elixir

a preparation that can be ised rectally is called an:

suppository

sustained release capsules may release drug over:

8-24 hours

which dosage form is intended to be given orally?

Elixir

a drug in which schedules would have the highest potential for abuse?

schedule 1

an example of a drug in schedule 3 is:

nalophrine

the main American drug standard text is the:

United States Pharmacopoeia

compounds with limited amounts of codeine in a cough preparation would be in:

schedule 4

drugs applied for a local effect may be administered in the form of:

suppository

rectal administration may be used when:

the patient is unable to take oral medication

sublingual administration may be used when:

for only a few specific drugs

drugs or fluids may be given intravenously when:

the most rapid effect is desired

drugs may be given intramuscularly when:

when prolonged effects of the drug are desired

oral administration is desired because:

it is the most convenient form of medication

drugs may be given orally as:

solutions

drugs may be given parenterally as:

solutions

what is the first procedure of administering medication?

check the practitioner's order for medication

what is the second procedure of administering medication?

read the label on the bottle two times

what is the third procedure of administering medication?

pour the medicine in the cup

what is the fourth procedure of administering medication?

give the patient the medication

what is the fifth procedure of administering medication?

record the medication as given n the patient's chart

an antibiotic that should not be given if there is evidence of preexisting kidney damage is:

kanamycin

an agent used to treat moniliasis is:

nystatin

an antibiotic used to treat urinary tract infections is:

Keflin

an antibiotic that should not be used if a patient is known for having an allergic reaction to penicillin is:

cephalexin

an antibiotic useful in treatment of gonorrhea in penicillin-sensitive patients is:

erythromycin

an antibiotic useful in the treatment of urinary tract infections is:

troleandomycin

an agent used to treat thrush (oral monoiliasis) in infants is:

mycostatin

vaginal candidas infections are treated with:

miconazole

tetracyclines are effective in the treatment of:

lyme disease

which treatment is preferred for cutaneous larva migrans (creeping eruption)?

thiabendazole

a medication useful in the treatment of head lice?

lindane

a drug known to cross-react with sulfonamides for an allergic reaction is:

hydrocholorthiazide

a common use for combination trimethroprim and sulfamenthoxazole is to treat:

urinary tract infections

the types of penicillin used most for otitis media is:

amoxicillin

an example of a tetracycline is:

doxcycline

an antibiotic that may cause blood dyscrasias is:

chloramphenicol

a long-acting penicillin is:

bicillin

a disadvantage of prolonged use of tetracyclin

vaginal monilaisis

an antibiotic that can cause deafness is:

gentamycin

which of following is the most effective in the treatment of the typhoid fever?

chloramphenicol

a form of penicillin that is well absorbed by GI tract:

ampicillin

which of the following is a semi-synthetic penicillin?

oxacillin sodium

a drug that would be beneficial in the treatment of a fungal infection of the lungs would be?

amphotericin B.

an oral drug used to treat althetes foot is:

griseofulvin

a form of penicillin that is resistent to microorganism's penicillinase is:

methicillin

an antibiotic than can cause liver damage is:

troleandomycin

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