Medial Terms Ch 7 SCTI

65 terms by sam5911 

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Adenoidectomy

Excision of the adenoids

Aneurysm

A ballooning out of the wall of a vessel, usually an artery, caused by congenital defect of weakness of the vessel wall

Angina pectoris

Severe pain and constriction around the heart caused by insufficient blood supply

Angiocardiography

Roentgenography of the heart and great vessels

Angiomas

Tumors consisting principally of blood vessels or lymph vessels

Antihypertensive

A drug that is used to treat high blood pressure

Aortic

Pertaining to the largest artery in the body

Aortoplasty

Surgical repair of the aorta

Arterioles

Small arteries that receive blood from arteries

Arteriosclerosis

A thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of the arteries

Atherosclerosis

Formation of fatty, cholesterol-like deposits on the walls of arteries

Atria

Upper heart chambers

Bradycardia

Slow pulse

Capillary

Smallest blood vessel

Cardiac Catheterization

Passage of a long, flexible tube into the heart chamber through a vein

Cardiac pacemaker

An electrical device that can keep the heart rhythm within a desirable range

Cardiomyopathy

A general term that designates primary myocardial disease

Cardiopulmonary

Pertaining to the heart and lungs

Cardiovascular

Pertaining to theheart and blood vessels

Cardioversion

Electric shock used to terminate cardiac arrhythmias

Cerebrovascular accident

Another term for stroke or stroke syndrome

Congestive heart failure

A condition characterized by weakness, shortness of breath, and edema of the lower portions of the body

Defibrillator

Instrument used in defibrillation

Dysrhythmia

Irregularity of the heartbeat

Echocardiography

Use of ultrasound in diagnosing heart disease

Electrocardiogram

The name of the record produced by recording the electrical currents of the heart muscle

Embolism

The sudden blocking of an artery or lymph vessel by foreign material that has been brought by the circulating blood

Embolus

A mass of undissolved matter present in a vessel and brought there by the circulating blood

Endocarditis

Inflammation of the lining of the heart

Endocardium

The membrane that forms the lining inside the heart

Endoscope

A device consisting of a tube and optical system that is used to observe inside a hollow organ of cavity

Fibrillation

A severe cardiac arrhythmia in which contractions are rapid, uncoordinated, and ineffective

Homeostasis

Equilibrium of the internal environment of the body

Hyperlipidemia

An excessive quantity of fat in the blood

Hypertension

Increased blood pressure

Hypotension

Decreased blood pressure

Ischemia

A temporary deficiency of blood supply to any body part

Lipid

Fat or fatlike substance

Liver

A structure that is not part of the lympahtic system

Lymph

The fluid transported by lymphatic vessels

Lymphadenitis

Inflammation of a lymph node

Lymphangiography

Roentgenography of the lympahtic vessels and nodes

Lymphadenopathy

Any disease of the lymph nodes

Lymphedema

Swelling that results from obstructon of a lymphatic vessel

Murmur

A soft blowing or rasping heart sound

Myocardial

Pertaining to heart muscle

Myocardial infraction

Death of part of the heart muscle

Myocarditis

Inflammation of the heart muscle

Occlusion

Blockage

Pericarditis

Inflammation of the membrane surrounding the heart

Phlebectomy

Excision of a vein or a segment of it

Polyarteritis

Inflammation of many arteries

Shock

A serious condition in which blood flow to the heart is reduced to such an extent that body tissues do not receive enough blood

Splenomegaly

Enlarged spleen

Tachycardia

Increased pulse rate

Thrombophlebitis

Inflammation of a vein associated with a blood clot

Thrombosis

The presence of a thrombus

Tonsillectomy

Removal of the tonsils

Tonsillitis

Inflammation of the palatine tonsils

Vasodilation

An increase in the diameter of a blood vessel

Antiarrhythmic

a drug used to treat an abnormal heart rhythm

Arteriography

roentgenographic examination of arteries

Catheter

tube for injection or removing fluids

Diuretic

any substance that tends to increase the flow of urine

Triglyceride

a lipid made of three fatty acid molecules and one glycerol molecule

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