the mingling of diverse ethnic groups in America, including the idea that these groups are or should be "melting" into a single culture or people
a small religious group that has broken away from some larger mainstream church, often claiming superior or exclusive possession of religious truth
those who seek to excite or persuade the public on some issue
the visible arrangement of society into a hierarchical pattern, with distinct social groups layered one on top of the other
the capacity to pass readily from one social or economic condition to another
the smaller group at the top of a society or institution, usually possessing wealth, power, or special privileges
a home for poor, supported by charity or public funds
landowners of substantial property, social standing, and leisure, but not titled nobility
one who rents rather than owns land
the body of criminal laws specifying offenses and prescribing punishments
the executive power to prevent acts passed by the legislature from becoming law
a person who works under a master to acquire instruction in a trade or profession
buying land or anything else in the hope of profiting by an expected rise in price
in religion, a movement of renewed enthusiasm and commitment, often accompanied by special meetings or evagelical activity
belonging to the worldly sphere rather than to the specifically sacred or churchly
the primary reason for the spectacular growth of America's population in the eighteenth century was...
the natural fertility of the population
German settlement in the colonies was especially heavy in...
the Scots-Irish eventually became concentrated especially in...
the frontier areas
compared with the seventeenth century, American colonial society in the eighteenth century showed...
greater gaps in wealth and status between rich and poor; however, there was also greater opportunity for convicts and indentured servants to climb to the top
the most honored professional in colonial America was the...
the primary source of livelihood for most colonial Americans was...
Indians and African Americans shared in the common American experience of...
creating new cultures and societies out of the mingling of diverse ethinc groups
an unfortunate group of involuntary immigrants who ranked even below indentured servants on the American social scale were...
convicts and paupers
the "triangular trade" involved the sale of rum, molasses, and slaves among the ports of...
New England, Africa, and the West Indies
the passage of British restrictions on trade encouraged colonial merchants to...
find ways to smuggle and otherwise evade the law by trading with other countries
besides offering rest and refreshment, colonial taverns served an important function as centers of...
news and political opinion
the Anglican Church suffered in colonial America because of...
its poorly qualified clergy and close ties with British authorities
the two denominations that enjoyed the status of "established" churches in various colonies were the...
Anglicans and Congregationalists
among the many important results of the Great Awakening was that it...
broke down sectional boundaries and created a greater sense of common American identity
a primary weapon used by colonial legislatures in their conflicts with royal governors was...
using their power of the purse to withhold the governor's salary
corruption of a German word used as a term for German immigrants in Pennsylvania
ethnic group that had already relocated once before immigrating to America and settling largely on the Western frontier of the middle and southern colonies
rebellious movement of frontiersmen in the southern colonies that included future President Andrew Jackson
popular term for convicted criminals dumped on colonies by British authorities
term for New England settlements where Indians from various tribes were gathered to be Christianized
a once-despised profession that rose in prestige after 1750 because its practitioners defended colonial rights
small but profitable trade route that linked New England, Africa, and the West Indies
popular colonial centers of recreation, gossip, and political debate
term for tax-supported condition of Congregational and Anglican churches, but not Baptists, Quakers, and Roman Catholics
spectacular, emotional religious revival of the 1730s and 1740s
ministers who supported the Great Awakening against the "old light" clergy who rejected it
institutions that were founded in greater numbers as a result of the Great Awakening
the case that established the precedent that true statements about public officials could not be prosecuted as libel
the upper house of a colonial legislature, appointed by the crown or the proprietor
Poor Richard's Almanack
Benjamin Franklin's hightly popular collection of information, parables, and advice
leading city of the colonies; home of Benjamin Franklin
largest non-English group in the colonies
group that settled the frontier, made whiskey, and hated the British and other governmental authorities
Paxton Boys and Regulators
Scots-Irish frontiersmen who protested against colonial elites of Pennsylvania and North Carolina
eloquent lawyer-orator who argued in defense of colonial rights
attempt by British authorities to squelch colonial trade with French West Indies
established religion in southern colonies and New York; weakened by lackadaisical clergy and too-close ties with British crown
brilliant New England theologian who instigated the Great Awakening
itinerant British evangelist who spread the Great Awakening throughout the colonies
former slave who became a poet at an early age
author, scientist, printer; "the first civilized American"
John Peter Zenger
colonial printer whose case helped begin freedom of the press
dominant religious group in colonial Pennsylvania, criticized by others for their attitudes towards Indians
nonestablished religious group that benefited from the Great Awakening
John Singleton Copley
colonial painter who studied an worked in Britian