living quarters reserved for wives, concubines, female relatives, and servants in a Muslim household
Rulers who have almost complete sovereignty over a certain domain without claiming the title of caliph
the Ottoman sultan's chief minister, who led the meetings of the imperial council
focused more on domestic policies
Muslim law based on the Qur'an and Muhammad's example
the body of mullahs (Muslim scholars trained in Islam and Islamic law) who are the interpreters of Islam's sciences and doctrines and laws and the chief guarantors of continuity in the spiritual and intellectual history of the Islamic community: controlled more of the church aspect
-given special privileges and hereditary compensation from taxation
Suleiman the Magnificent
-he was a sultan who focused on domestic and foreign policy
- In 1520 he took power at age 26
-Known as the Magnificent in Europe because the conquests
-Conquered Budapest in 1526, burned the city
-In 1529 He attacked Vienna but was turned back
-Took control of North Africa
-In 1543 took control of Hungary
-Expanded east into Persia and south into Mesopotamia
-allied with the French against Hapsburg and Charles V
-known as the lawgiver among his own people because he enforced laws
Christian boys taken from families, converted to Islam, and then rigorously trained to serve the sultan. Families sometimes payed for their boy to be taken because it would mean that they got the highest education and would most likely be higher ranked in the empire when they grew up.
Hapsburg who wrote letters about his travels in the Muslim world-- was very impressed by the Janissaries
Geographic Boundaries for Ottoman Empire
North Africa, Hungary, Georgia,Turkey
Sufi mystic and first ruler of the Safavid dynasty.
-claimed to be a descendant of Muhammad
-converted to Shi'ite Islam
-evoked a militant theology that advocated supremacy of Shi'ism through arms
Capital of the Safavid empire.
the branch of Islam that regards Ali as the legitimate successor to Mohammed and rejects the first three caliphs
-took over much of Persian Muslim state
-waged war over Sunni competitions in the west
-aided by Europe in his conflict with Istanbul
-established new capital of Isfahan (cultural high point of Persia)
-established the Mughal Empire in India in 1530
"The most distinguished states man Asia has ever produced"
-expansion into most of the subcontinent in India
-created a central government
-practiced religious and social toleration
Mughal emperor in India and great-grandson of Akbar 'the Great', under whom the empire reached its greatest extent, only to collapse after his death
-returned the empire to stricter Islam
A major dynasty that ruled China from the mid-fourteenth to the mid-seventeenth century. It was marked by a great expansion of Chinese commerce into East Africa, the Middle East, and Southeast Asia
Change of emperors of ming/qing dynasties
They became more powerful. gained more control
Expanded during ming dynasty because the exams over confusian philosophy
a member of a people native to Manchuria who ruled China during the Qing dynasty
castrated males used within households of Chinese emperors, usually to guard his concubines; became a political counterbalance to powerful marital relatives during later Han rule.
In China, the class of prosperous families, next in wealth below the rural aristocrats, from which the emperors drew their administrative personnel. (166)
Took over most of Japan by 1583 with his powerful army, using muskets and cannons. He banished the last Ashikaga and unified most of Japan.
General under Nobanga; suceeded as leading military power in Japan; continued efforts to break power of daimyos; constucted a series of military alliances that made him the military master of Japan in 1590; died in 1598.
completed the final unification of
The period of warring states
A period of violence and social disorder
a japanese feudal lord who commanded a private army of samurai