Hebrew conjugation

22 terms by omfs1skier

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

List the "weak" letters from the binyanim בניינים

א, ה, ח, י, נ, ע

Verb roots (שורשים) that contain a ו or a י as the 2nd letter are called ___________ roots.

"hollow" or "חלול"

Verb roots (שורשים) that contain "weak" letters are called _________ roots.

"weak" or "חלש"

Verb roots (שורשים) that neither contain weak letters י or ו in the second position are called _______roots.

"strong" or "חזק"
or "complete" or "שלם"

Hány ביניינים van a Héber nyelvben?

7/hét/שבע

What is a "participle"?

A word formed from a verb (e.g., going, gone, being, been) and used as an adjective (e.g., working woman, burned toast) or a noun (e.g., good breeding).

Do Hebrew שורשים represent real words or just ideas?

Ideas only. The become words only when conjugated according to the ביניינים

List the 7 main binyanim ביניינים and the 3 minor binyanim ביניינים:

There are 7 basic binyanim:
פעל pa'al - simple active
נפעל nif'al - simple passive
פיעל pi'el - intensive active
פועל pu'al - intensive passive
הפעיל hif'il - causative active
הופעל huf'al - causative passive
התפעל hitpa'el - reflexive
The three minor binyanim are but variations of the binyanim pi'el, pu'al and hitpa'el, respectively:
פולל polel
פולל polal
התפולל hitpolel

The name of the binyan ביניין itself gives you the template for the _A_ person _B_ p____C___ tense form of any verb in the ביניין.

A-3rd
B-singular
C-past

What are the four categories a Hebrew verb must be sorted through to arrive at the proper conjugation?

a-tense
b-person (1st, 2nd, or 3rd)
c-gender
d-quantity (singular or plural)

The general rules on which binyan to use are:

1. Use pa'al for basic active actions (sagar = he closed)
2. Use nif'al for basic passive actions (nisgar = it was closed [by...])
3. Use pi'el for emphatic active actions (siger = he slammed)
4. Use pu'al for emphatic passive actions (sugar = it was slammed [by...])
5. Use hif'il for causative actions (hisgir = he caused [something] to close)
6. Use huf'al for passive causative actions (husgar = it was caused to close)
7. Use hitpa'el for reflexive actions (hitsager = it closed itself)

1. Use ______for basic active actions (sagar = he closed)

1. Use pa'al for _____ ______ actions (sagar = he closed)

2. Use _____ for basic passive actions (nisgar = it was closed [by...])

2. Use nif'al for ______ ________ actions (nisgar = it was closed [by...])

3. Use _____ for emphatic active actions (siger = he slammed)

3. Use pi'el for _______ _______ actions (siger = he slammed)

4. Use ______ for emphatic passive actions (sugar = it was slammed [by...])

4. Use pu'al for _______ _______ actions (sugar = it was slammed [by...])

5. Use ______ for causative actions (hisgir = he caused [something] to close)

5. Use hif'il for ________ actions (hisgir = he caused [something] to close)

6. Use ______ for passive causative actions (husgar = it was caused to close)

6. Use huf'al for ______ _______ actions (husgar = it was caused to close)

7. Use ________ for reflexive actions (hitsager = it closed itself)

7. Use hitpa'el for _________ actions (hitsager = it closed itself)

For each ביניין binyan, there are ___ tenses: The tenses into each hebrew verb canbe conjugated into are:

a) Five (5)
1) infinitive
2) past
3) present
4) future
5) imperative

Hebrew verbs in the present tense have ___ (how many?) conjugations.

The present has 4 conjugations
1-male singular
2-female singular
3-male plural
4-female pural

The past and future each have ______ (how many?) conjugations.

1-I
2-you male singular
3-you female singular
4-he
5-she
6-we
7-you male plural
8-you female plural
9-they

Imperative has ____(how many?) conjugations.

1-you male singular
2-you female singular
3-plural

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set