500 Key Words For The SAT (301-400)

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Mrs. Birr's Class

phlegmatic

calm; unemotional

pious

exhibiting religious devotion

pithy

to the point; concise

placate

to appease; pacify; mollify

platitude

dull, trite statement

plausible

believable, but not completely

pompous

filled with self-importance; arrogant; obnoxiously proud

ponderous

slow; weighty; labored

portent

warning sign; omen; indication

preclude

prevent; make impossible

potent

powerful

precarious

risky; uncertain

precocious

mature at a young age

predecessor

an earlier occupant of a job, office, or position

predilection

a preference for something

pretentious

showy; making ridiculous claims; excessively ambitious

prevalent

widely-accepted; common; prevailing

primordial

formed long ago; primitive

prodigal

wasteful, especially of money; extravagant

prodigious

very large

profound

filled with wisdom and insight; beyond the superficial; deep

profuse

in large amounts or quantities

protract

expand in time or space

provoke

to anger; to stir up or arouse

proximity

nearness; closeness

prudent

wise; shrewd; cautious

puerile

childish

qualify

to limit the meaning of a previous statement; to modify

quandary

a state of confusion or doubt; dilemma

quarantine

forced isolation to prevent the spread of disease

quell

calm; pacify

querulous

constantly complaining

ratify

approve (by formal vote, for example); confirm

rampant

unrestrained; widespread

rebuff

to ignore or reject strongly; snub

rebuttal

denial or contradiction; argument; refutation

recant

to take back something you've said; withdraw a statement or belief

redolent

strongly scented; fragrant

recluse

person who prefers to be alone all the time; someone withdrawn from the rest of society

redundant

more than what is necessary; in speech or writing, a repetition of words or ideas

recondite

hidden; difficult to understand; profound

relegate

reduce or demote to an inferior position; banish

relevancy

having a clear relationship with the matter at hand

remorse

feeling of guilt; regret; self-reproach

reprimand

scold; criticize

reprove

scold; criticize; disapprove of

repudiate

disown; reject

reserve

the ability to control your emotions and actions; self-restraint

resign

give in; acquiesce; relinquish

resolve

determination; strong will

mendacity

a lie; a false statement

meticulous

very careful about details

minute

very small in size

misconstrue

misunderstand; interpret incorrectly

mitigate

make less severe; mollify

mollify

lessen anger; soothe; placate

monologue

a long, uninterrupted speech

morose

depressed

mundane

ordinary; earthly (not spiritual); practical; temporary

myriad

large number; many

negligent

careless and possibly causing harm; neglectful

nefarious

extremely evil

neophyte

beginner

nocturnal

active at night

nostalgic

wishing for a return to the way things used to be; longing for the past; homesick

novelty

something new or unusual

nuance

slight degree; shade of difference

nullify

to remove or cancel all value or force; negate

nurture

provide care and support; nourish; train or educate

obdurate

stubborn; unyielding

objurgate

scold; castigate

obliterate

remove or destroy completely; erase

obscure

hazy; unfamiliar; difficult to understand

obsequious

behaving like a meek, spineless servant; subservient; sycophantic

obsolete

no longer usable; outdated

obstinate

stubborn; refusing to be persuaded

obtuse

dull; blunt; unintelligent; lacking sharpness

obviate

eliminate the need for something; make unnecessary

ominous

a sign of something unpleasant that's about to happen; inauspicious

onerous

burdensome; oppressive

opaque

too dark or thick for light to pass through

opportunist

someone who takes advantage of the situation

optimist

someone who always believes things will turn out okay

opulence

luxury; wealth; riches

pacifist

person who refuses to fight

paltry

worthless; insignificant; petty

paragon

model of excellence; the best

parity

equality or equivalence; balance among a group of rivals

parsimony

stinginess; excessive frugality

partisan

blindly devoted to a cause or organization

paucity

too few; scarcity

penchant

a strong liking; attraction

pecuniary

having to do with money; financial

penury

extreme poverty; destitution

perfunctory

without enthusiasm or thoroughness; routine

pernicious

destructive

perspicacity

mental sharpness; keen insight; shrewdness

peruse

read carefully; study in detail

pervade

to spread to every part

petulance

grouchiness

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