Second Great Awakening
A series of religious revivals starting in 1801, based on Methodism and Baptism. Stressed a religious philosophy of salvation through good deeds and tolerance for all Protestant sects. The revivals attracted women, Blacks, and Native Americans.
urged people to abandon sin and lead good lives in dramatic sermons at religious revivals
an experimental community designed to be a perfect society, in which its members could live together in harmony
Public School Movement
American movement to create adequate public institutions for widespread education, see horace mann
United States educator who introduced reforms that significantly altered the system of public education (1796-1859)
Rights activist on behalf of mentally ill patients - created first wave of US mental asylums
Movement aimed at structuring prisons so that prisoners will feel penitent for their crimes
campaign to limit or ban the use of alcoholic beverages
United States slave and insurrectionist who in 1831 led a rebellion of slaves in Virginia
Movement led by Fredrick Douglass and others to end slavery.
William Lloyd Garrison
United States abolitionist who published an anti-slavery journal (1805-1879)
Angelina & Sarah Grimke
Daughters of a South Carolina slaveholder that were antislavery. Controversial because they spoke to audiences of both men and women at a time when it was thought indelicate to address male audiences. Womens' rights advocates as well.
United States abolitionist who escaped from slavery and became an influential writer and lecturer in the North (1817-1895)
United States abolitionist and feminist who was freed from slavery and became a leading advocate of the abolition of slavery and for the rights of women (1797-1883)
giving women the right to vote-seneca falls ny
A Quaker who attended an anti-slavery convention in 1840 and her party of women was not recognized. She and Stanton called the first women's right convention in New York in 1848
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Co-founded the 1848 Women's Rights Convention held in Seneca Falls, New York
Seneca Falls Convention
Kicked off the equal-rights-for-women campaign led by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony (1848)
Declaration of Sentiments of 1848
Women demanded: 1. job opportunities, 2. right to education, 3. right to vote, 4. right to custody of children in divorce
a legal right guaranteed by the 15th amendment to the US constitution
people who wanted to expand or enlarge the territory of the USA- USA should reach from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean
This expression was popular in the 1840s. Many people believed that the U.S. was destined to secure territory from "sea to sea," from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean. This rationale drove the acquisition of territory.
Santa Fe Trail
a trail that extends from Missouri to New Mexico
pioneer trail that began in missouri and crossed the great plains into the oregon country
United States religious leader of the Mormon Church after the assassination of Joseph Smith
Stephen F. Austin
The son of Moses Austin and also known as the "Father of Texas" he lead "the old 300" into Texas after his father died of pneumonia even though he id not want to.
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna
Mexican general who tried to crush the Texas revolt and who lost battles to Winfield Scott and Zachary Taylor in the Mexican War (1795-1876)
immunity from arbitrary exercise of authority: political independence
War between Texas settlers and Mexico from 1835-1836 resulting in the formation of the Republic of Texas
Lone Star Republic
Nickname of Texas before it became a state
Battle of the Alamo
Texans were greatly outnumbered and many were killed by the Mexicans. However, Texans were then inspired to seek revenge.
an addition that extends a main building
United States politician and military leader who fought to gain independence for Texas from Mexico and to make it a part of the United States (1793-1863)
Fifty-Four, Forty, or Fight
slogan used in the 1844 presidential election as a call for us annexation of the oregon territory
James K. Polk
president in March 1845. wanted to settle oregon boundary dispute with britain. wanted to aquire California. wanted to incorperate Texas into union.
Oregon Treaty of 1846
established an U.S./Canadian (British) border along this parallel. The boundary along the 49th parallel extended from the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean.
after Mexican refusal to sell California-New Mexico region, Polk sent troops and it ended w/ Treat of Guadalupe-Hidalgo
General that was a military leader in Mexican-American War and 12th president of the United States. Sent by president Polk to lead the American Army against Mexico at Rio Grande, but defeated.
United States general who was a hero of the War of 1812 and who defeated Santa Anna in the Mexican War (1786-1866)
Battle of Veracruz
a 20-day siege of the key Mexican seaport of Veracruz, during the Mexican-American War. Lasting from March 9 to March 29, 1847, it began with the first large-scale amphibious assault conducted by United States military forces, and ended with the surrender and occupation of the city. U.S. forces then marched inland to Mexico City.
Bear Flag Revolt
A revolt of American settlers in California against Mexican rule. It ignited the Mexican War and ultimately made California a state.
Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo of 1848
In this treaty pledged the US to protect the liberty and property of Mexicans who remained on American soil.
Gadsden Purchase of 1853
- completes MD
- small strip of land in southern AZ, bought from Mexico (get border of 48 states today)
California Gold Rush
1849 (San Francisco 49ers) Gold discovered in California attracted a rush of people all over the country to San Francisco.
Bill that would ban slavery in the territories acquired after the War with Mexico
People who went to California looking for Gold (They left in 1849)