The building blocks of DNA, composed of a phosphate group, deoxyribose sugar, and a nitrogenous base.
A sugar that is derived from ribose - containing five carbons, 10 hydrogens, and 4 oxygens.
Bases used in the construction of nucleotides.
PO4-3, composed of phosphorus and oxygen.
Nitrogenous base paired with thymine.
Nitrogenous based paired with adenine.
Nitrogenous base paired with cytosine.
Nitrogenous base paired with guanine.
Each of these is shaped like a spiral staircase, used in DNA.
Complementary base pairs
The two bases that make up each rung - two combinations: adenine-thymine and cytosine-guanine.
Bonds that help hold complementary base pairs together.
Shape that DNA molecules take the form of.
Strands that form the double helix shape.
The bonds that link the 5-carbon sugars to the phosphates in the backbone.
The component of the DNA molecule that polarizes it, causing it to react positively to water.
Adenine and guanine.
Uracil, thymine, and cytosine.