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Greek scientists, mathematicians, philosophers, and writers

Alexander the Great

Conquered and ruled an empire stretching from Macedonia to the Indus Valley

Plato

Student of Socrates, wrote The Republic about the perfectly governed society

Socrates

Devoted himself to discussion with the aristocratic young citizens of Athens, questioning the truth of popular opinions. Charged with corrupting the youth of Athens and sentenced him to death.

Aristotle

Greek philosopher. A pupil of Plato, the tutor of Alexander the Great, and the author of works on logic, metaphysics, ethics, natural sciences, politics, and poetics, he profoundly influenced Western thought.

Pythagoras

A mathematician that derived a formula to calculate the relationship between the sides of a right triangle

Euclid

Greek mathematician considered to be the father of modern geomertry.

Archimedes

Greek mathematician and inventor. He wrote works on plane and solid geometry, arithmetic, and mechanics. He is best known for the lever and pulley.

Hippocrates

During the Golden Age in Greece he was a scientist that believed all diseases came from natural causes. He also had high ideals for physicians & an oath was made that is still used today.

Philip of Macedon

father of Alexander the Great; had three goals: to raise the economic and cultural level of his people, to united the Greek city states under Macedonian rule, and to lead a combined Greek/ Macedonian army against the Persian Empire

Thucydides

Greek historian. Considered the greatest historian of antiquity, he wrote a critical history of the Peloponnesian War that contains the funeral oration of Pericles

Herodotus

The ancient Greek known as the father of history

Sophocles

Writer of tragedies; wrote Oedipus Rex, and Antigone

Pericles

Athenian statesman whose leadership contributed to Athen's political and cultural supremacy in Greece

Darius I

king of Persia who expanded the empire and invaded Greece but was defeated at the Battle of Marathon (550-486 BC)

Homer

Ancient Greek epic poet who is believed to have written the Iliad and the Odyssey

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