programs intended to make up for past discrimination by helping minority groups and women gain access to jobs and opportunities
american with disabilities act of 1990
a law passed in 1990 that requires employers and public facilities to make "reasonable accomodations" for people with disabilities and prohibits discrimination against these individuals in employment
the rights due to all citizens
civil rights act of 1964
This act made racial, religious, and sex discrimination by employers illegal and gave the government the power to enforce all laws governing civil rights, including desegregation of schools and public places.
Women should be paid salaries equal to men for equivalent job responsibilities &skills
equal protection of the laws
part of the fourteenth amendment emphasizing that the laws must provide equivalent "protection" to all people.
equal rights amendment
constitutional amendment passed by Congress but never ratified that would have banned discrimination on the basis of gender
required citizens of a state to pay a special tax in order to vote
the right to vote
voting rights act of 1965
federal law that increased government supervision of local election practices, suspended the use of literacy tests to prevent people (usually African Americans) from voting, and expanded government efforts to register voters.
the practice of keeping blacks from voting in the southern states' primaries through arbitrary use of registration requirements and intimidation