the third phase of mitosis, during which the chromosome pairs separate and move toward opposite poles
process by which a single parent reproduces by itself
disorder in which some of the body's own cells lose the ability to control growth
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
process in which homologous chromosomes exchange portions of their chromatids during meiosis
division of the cytoplasm during cell division
term used to refer to a cell that contains both sets of homologous chromosomes
term used to refer to a cell that contains only a single set of chromosomes and therefore only a single set of genes
period of the cell cycle between cell divisions
process by which the number of chromosomes per cell is cut in half through the separation of homologous chromosomes in a diploid cell
second phase of mitosis, during which the chromosomes line up across the center of the cell
part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleus divides
first and longest phase of mitosis, during which the chromosomes become visible and the centrioles separate and take up positions on the opposite sides of the nucleus
process by which cells from two different parents unite to produce the first cell of a new organism
fanlike microtubule structure that helps separate the chromosomes during mitosis
fourth and final phase of mitosis, during which the chromosomes begin to disperse into a tangle of dense material
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