another name for an "if-then" statement
the "if" part of a conditional
the "then" part of a conditional
shows that a conditional is true every time the hypothesis and conclusion are true
shows that a conditional is false every time the hypothesis is true but the conclusion is false
switches the hypothesis and conclusion
a statement you get by connecting the conditional and its converse with the word "and" or "if and only if"
the process of reasoning logically from a statement to a conclusion