5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Continuous vs. Categorical Variables
- Yerkes-Dodson Law
- Contributions of the Four Perspectives
- Evolutionary Perspective 2
- Correlation Coefficient (r)
- a The relationship b/w arousal and performance is curvilinear so the correlation coefficient reflecting the relationship is zero even though there is a clear relationship (curve had a normal distribution)
- b Metaphor: We are all runners in a race, competing for survival, sexual partners, and resources.
Methods: Mostly deductive, some experimental.
Data: Often start with a known behavior in a species and attempt to explain it on the basis of logical arguments.
- c continuous can be placed on a continuum (e.g., intelligence or body weight)
categorical can take on fixed values (e.g., sex (male or female); had heart attack (y/n)).
- d 1. Psychodynamic: Focus on unconscious processes. 2. Behavioral: Focus on behavior with emphasis on the environment. 3. Cognitive: Focus on thought and memory. 4. Evolutionary: Focus on why we feel, think, or behave.
- e A statistic that provides a numerical summary of the strength and direction of the relationship depicted in a bivariate distribution (if there is some degree of nonlinearity, r will underestimate the true degree of the relationship.)
5 Multiple choice questions
- 1. Failure to be scientifically grounded. 2. Violation of the falsifiability (the ability of a theory to be proven wrong as a means of advancing science). 3. Reliance on retrospective accounts.
- Potassium flowing out of the membrane inhibits the neuron making it less likely to fire (-70mV to -90mV)
- researched severed corpus callosum
- Representative Sampling of the population as a whole so that conclusions that are drawn from the sample are likely to be true of the rest of the population.
- Metaphor: the mind is like a computer, the brain is also a metaphor for the mind: an idea is a network of brain cells that are activated together
Method: experimental method
Data: quantitative empirical data (often memory and thought tasks; e.g., recall of word lists, reaction time tasks)
5 True/False questions
Functionalism → used introspection to uncover the basic elements of consciousness...like a periodic table of the mind; also wanted to discover the way the elements combine with one another into ideas
Wernicke's Aphasia → the inside of the cell membrane is -70mV
Posterior → Roof; controls vision and hearing
Psychodynamic Perspective → 1. Behavior is determined by a dynamic interplay between thoughts, feelings, and wishes. 2. Most mental events occur outside of conscious awareness. 3. Mental processes may conflict with one another, resulting in compromises.
Empirical Approach → if we want to understand the mind, we should investigate it scientifically