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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Continuous vs. Categorical Variables
  2. Yerkes-Dodson Law
  3. Contributions of the Four Perspectives
  4. Evolutionary Perspective 2
  5. Correlation Coefficient (r)
  1. a The relationship b/w arousal and performance is curvilinear so the correlation coefficient reflecting the relationship is zero even though there is a clear relationship (curve had a normal distribution)
  2. b Metaphor: We are all runners in a race, competing for survival, sexual partners, and resources.
    Methods: Mostly deductive, some experimental.
    Data: Often start with a known behavior in a species and attempt to explain it on the basis of logical arguments.
  3. c continuous can be placed on a continuum (e.g., intelligence or body weight)
    categorical can take on fixed values (e.g., sex (male or female); had heart attack (y/n)).
  4. d 1. Psychodynamic: Focus on unconscious processes. 2. Behavioral: Focus on behavior with emphasis on the environment. 3. Cognitive: Focus on thought and memory. 4. Evolutionary: Focus on why we feel, think, or behave.
  5. e A statistic that provides a numerical summary of the strength and direction of the relationship depicted in a bivariate distribution (if there is some degree of nonlinearity, r will underestimate the true degree of the relationship.)

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. 1. Failure to be scientifically grounded. 2. Violation of the falsifiability (the ability of a theory to be proven wrong as a means of advancing science). 3. Reliance on retrospective accounts.
  2. Potassium flowing out of the membrane inhibits the neuron making it less likely to fire (-70mV to -90mV)
  3. researched severed corpus callosum
  4. Representative Sampling of the population as a whole so that conclusions that are drawn from the sample are likely to be true of the rest of the population.
  5. Metaphor: the mind is like a computer, the brain is also a metaphor for the mind: an idea is a network of brain cells that are activated together
    Method: experimental method
    Data: quantitative empirical data (often memory and thought tasks; e.g., recall of word lists, reaction time tasks)

5 True/False questions

  1. Functionalismused introspection to uncover the basic elements of consciousness...like a periodic table of the mind; also wanted to discover the way the elements combine with one another into ideas

          

  2. Wernicke's Aphasiathe inside of the cell membrane is -70mV

          

  3. PosteriorRoof; controls vision and hearing

          

  4. Psychodynamic Perspective1. Behavior is determined by a dynamic interplay between thoughts, feelings, and wishes. 2. Most mental events occur outside of conscious awareness. 3. Mental processes may conflict with one another, resulting in compromises.

          

  5. Empirical Approachif we want to understand the mind, we should investigate it scientifically

          

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