or genitalia; The sexual and reproductive organs of both men and women.
The external female genitals are the mons pubis, the clitoris, the labia majora, and the labia minora that collectively form this.
(pubic mound), or mons veneris (mound of venus), is a pad of fatty tissue that covers the area of the pubic bone about 6 inches below the navel.
is considered the center of sexual arousal.
is the tip of the shaft.
is a fold of skin that covers the glans when the clitoris is not engorged.
Internally, the shaft is divided into 2 branches, each of which are about 3.5 inches long.
hollow chambers that fill with blood and swell during arousal.
(major lips), are 2 folds of spongy flesh extending from the mons pubis and enclosing the labia minora, clitoris, urethral opening, and vaginal entrance..
(minor lips), are smaller folds within the labia majora that meet above the clitoris to form the clitoral hood.
The area enclosed by the labia minora.
(or vestibular glands), which secrete a small amount of moisture during sexual arousal.
is a flexible, muscular structure that extends 3-5 inches back and upward from the vaginal opening.
is through which an infant is born, allows menstrual flow to pass from the uterus, and encompasses the penis or other objects during sexual expression.
the lower 3rd of the vagina; is most sensitive to erotic pressure and touch.
is a thin membrane containing a relatively large number of blood vessels.
A controversial procedure that reattaches the hymen to the vagina, is now sought by some women to create the illusion that they are still virgins.
An area inside the body, surrounding the urethra, is what many women report to be an erotically sensitive area. Also known as the G-spot.
or womb, is a hollow, thick-walled, muscular organ held in the pelvic cavity by a number of flexible ligaments and supported by several muscles. It is pair-shaped, with the tapered end.
is the tapered end of the uterus, extending down and opening into the vagina.
the inner lining of the uterine walls, is filled with tiny blood vessels.
the opening in which the tissue is built-up and then shed and expelled thru this opening during the menstual cycle.
is on each side of the uterus, held in place by several ligaments; is a gonad.
an organ that produces gametes.
the sex cells containing the genetic material necessary for reproduction.
are the female gametes.
or ova, are the eggs the ovaries produce.
the release of an oocyte.
are the saclike structures that immature oocytes are embedded in.
Vesicular / Graffian follicle
is the fully ripened follicle.
A producer of important hormones; it eventually degenerates.
are 2 tubes that are at the top of the uterus, one on each side. Also known as uterine tubes or oviducts.
The funnel-shaped end of each fallopian tube that fans out into finger-like fimbriae.
are the end of the fallopian tubes that are finger-like, which drape over the ovary but may not actually touch it.
Tiny, hairlike structures on the fimbriae.
is just within the infundibulum, is the widened part of the tube in which fertilization normally occurs if sperm and oocyte are there at the same time.
is the tube through which urine passes.
or meatus, is located between the clitoris and the vaginal opening.
is the opening of the rectum, through which excrement passes.
is a diamond-shaped region of the rectum. This area of soft tissue covers the muscles and ligaments of the pelvic floor.
is the underside of the pelvic area extending from the top of the pubic bone (above the clitoris) to the anus.
or milk production.
is a mature female breast.
small glands within the lobes of the breasts.
are chemical substances that serve as messengers, traveling within the body through the bloodstream.
building blocks of proteins
derived from cholesterol.
sex drive or interest.
hormones that act directly on the gonads.
A female hormone, which affect maturation of the reproductive organs, menstruation, and pregnancy.
A female hormone, which helps to maintain the uterine lining until menstruation occurs.
literally egg beginning.
or menstrual cycle, oogenesis results in the formation of both primary oocytes, before birth, and as secondary oocytes after it and as part of ovulation.
gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)
is released from the hypothalamus on the 1st day of the cycle.
Follicle-Stimulating hormone (FSH)
initiate the follicular phase, stimulate ovarian follicles, and make them grow.
luteinizing hormone (LH)
initiating the follicular phase, stimulate ovarian follicles and make them grow.
begins at about day 11 of the cycle and culminates with ovulation at about day 14.
A sharp twinge pain on one side of the lower abdomen during ovulation.
typically lasts from day 14 (immediately after ovulation) through day 28 of the ovarian cycle.
Toxic shock syndrome
A bacterial infection that can occur in menstruating women and cause a person to go into shock.
uterine cycle; is divided into 3 phases: menstrual, proliferative, and secretory.
The shedding of the endometrium marks the beginning of this phase. This endometrial tissue, along with mucus, other cervical and vaginal secretions, and a small amount of blood (2-5 ounces per cycle), is expelled through the vagina.
also known as the menstrual flow; generally occurs over a period of 3-5 days.
is a girl's first menstruation.
lasts about 9 days. During this phase, the endometrium thickens in response to increased estrogen. The mucous membranes of the cervix secrete a clear, thin mucous with a crystalline structure that facilitates the passage of sperm. This phase ends with ovulation.
The endometrium begins to prepare for the arrival of a fertilized ovum. Glands within the uterus enlarge and begin secreting glycogen. The cervical mucus thickens and starts forming a plug to seal off the uterus in the event of pregnancy.
is when women who work together or live together develop similar timed menstrual cycles.
a chemical substance that is produced by an animal and serves especially as a stimulus to other individuals of the same species for one or more behavioral responses.
(PMS), A collection of physical, emotional, and psychological symptoms that many women experience 7-14 days before their menstrual period.
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder
is marked especially by depression, anxiety, cyclical mood shifts, and lethargy (PMDD).
At some point in her menstrual life, nearly every woman experiences heavy or prolonged bleeding during her menstrual cycle.
While menstrual cramps are experienced by some women before or during their periods, a more persistent, aching, and serious pain sufficient to limit a woman's activities.
is not associated with any diagnosable pelvic condition. It is characterized by pain that begins with (or just before) uterine bleeding when there is an absence of pain at other times in the cycle.
the symptoms are the same as in primary dysmenorrhea, but there is an underlying condition or disease causing them.
A type of hormone with a fatty-acid base that is found throughout the body.
is when women do not menstruate for reasons other than aging.
Sexual response cycle
The sequence of changes and patterns that take place in the body during sexual arousal.
Masters and Johnson's 4-phase model of sexual response
identifies the significant stages of response as excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution.
Kaplan's tri-phasic model of sexual response
includes the desire, excitement, and orgasm phases.
Loulan's sexual response model
incorporates both the biological and affective components into a 6- stage cycle.
are those structures of the brain that are associated with emotions and feelings and involved in sexual arousal.
Some sensory inputs may evoke sexual arousal without a lot of conscious thought or emotion. Certain areas of the skin are highly sensitive to touch. These areas may include: the genitals, breasts, mouth, ears, neck, inner thighs, and buttocks.
A male sex hormone that is secreted by the testes, but can also play an important role in the maintenance of women's bodies.
is a hormone more commonly associated with contractions during labor and breast-feeding.
is the concentration of blood in the body tissues.
is increased muscle tension accompanying the approach of orgasm; upon orgasm, the body undergoes involuntary muscle contractions and then relaxes.
is the moistening of the vaginal walls, because of sexual excitement.
The vagina expands about an inch in length and doubles in width.
A darkening of the skin or rash that temporarily appears as a result of blood rushing to the skin's surface during sexual excitement.
the intense coloring during sexual excitement.
The thickening of the walls, which occurs in the plateau stage of the sexual response cycle.
A peak sensation of intense pleasure that creates an altered state of consciousness and is accompanied by involuntary, rhythmic uterine and anal contractions, myotonia, and a state of well-being and contentment.