Time of Flourish
600BC - 500 AD
Not rugged, could be farmed
Built on top of
Seven Hills for Protection
Before Rome Civilization
Etruscans and Greeks
Rome conquered most of Italy
Roman Republic Voting
Latins could vote
Brutus "The Liberator"
Established the Roman Republic
Roman Republic Times
Made Roman Policy as "Advisors"
Senior Male family dominance
Using discrimination to make mutual benefits/obligations
Less wealthy landowners
Elected Every Year, ran gov't +Army
Ran Civil Law, added as Rome grew.
300 Patricians; life Term
Council of the Plebs
Result of social order. Gained right to approve all laws.
Roman's 1st law
12 Tablets from 450BC, Protected both plebeians + Patricians
Roman's 2nd Law
Innocent until proven Guilty. Allowed to defend with judge.
1st Punic War
264 BC. Carthinians Invaded Sicily+Rome. Rome Wins.
2nd Punic war
Hannibal Attacks Rome and Wins. Rome invades Carthage to try to get rid of Hannibal. Spain becomes Roman Province.
3rd Punic War
Carthage obliterated. Citizens sold as slaves. Rome conquers rest of Mediterranean.
End of Republic
Small farmers were cheated. Efforts to get land back caused instability.
60 BC, Crassus (killed), Pompey(Took over), Julius Caesar(Banished and retook). Rubicon river. Julius increased senate to 400, assassinated in 44 BC.
Ledipus. Octavian took east Rome, Antony took West. Antony allied with Egypt, was defeated by Octavian in 31 BC.
Caesar's Heir. "Augustus". Became emperor. Died 14 AD. Expert of psychological manipulation.
Caesar's ally + Assistant
Could have some intellectual freedom in Rome.
Economic instability bringing down Rome., political, military, and economic turmoil that beset the Roman Empire during much of the third century C.E.: frequent changes of ruler, civil wars, barbarian invasions, decline of urban centers, and near-destruction of long-distance commerce. 235-284 CE
A term used to characterize Roman government in the first three centuries C.E., based on the ambiguous title princeps ('first citizen') adopted by Augustus to conceal his military dictatorship.
In ancient Italy, landowners second in wealth and status to the senatorial aristocracy. The Roman emperors allied with this group to counterbalance the influence of the old aristocracy and used the equites to staff the imperial civil service.
Carpenter from Galilee in Northern Israel. A Rabbi discontent with Jewish ways. Was crucified.
Jew from Tagasus. Directed Christian teachings to agnostics.
CE 280-337 Roman Emperor who founded Constantinople as the new eastern capital of the Roman empire. Supported Christianity.
Eastern Roman empire, huge for Christianity.
Shi Huang Di. A dynasty that replaced the Zhou dynasty in the 3rd century and the king used legalist ideas to unite his coutry. They defeated invaders, doubled the size of china, murdered Confucius followers/burned books. They bult and improves canals and irrigation and extended the great walls.
Early Han Dynasty
206 BC - 9 AD. Totalitarian. Mandate of Heaven. Confucianism and Taoism.
Later Han Dynasty
25 AD - 220 AD. Silk. Spent too much money defending new territories.
Founder of Qin empire
Class of people below aristocrates