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Renaissance

a period of time in history from approximately 1300's to 1500's

renaissance

French for rebirth.

Italy

where did the renaissance begin?

History

study of the past

city state

a city that is its own independent state that has its own government

Arts

study of ancient Greece, and Rome

Patricians

members of the wealthiest class in the city states

Cosimo Medici

the member of the family that accumulated all the money, became the un official ruler of Florence, Italy

prospered

a nice financial income

Lorenzo

flourished the arts

patron

a financial supporter of the arts

tyrant

a cruel or oppressive ruler

Humanism

intellectual movement, on the secular world, promote thought of ideas outside of religion.

humanists

believe in the study of humanity

humanities

learning or study of literature concerned with human culture

secular

denoting attitudes, activities, or other things that have no religious or spiritual basis.

Francesco Petrarch

father of humanism, also famous for poetry. People believe that if it wasen't for him this would of never started.

architecture

more of the cathedrals will have domes, domes are very fancy and very designed. Designed from greek and roman architecture.

painting

artists used perspective to make art appear more realistic

perspective

makes art appear more realistic. Makes some art take on a 3D appearance. Some will appear farther away and some will appear closer.

music

experimentation in music to make different sounds, also make music in theater.

donatello

famous for being the first person to create a sculpture that's life size of a man on horseback.

leonardo

produced) a series of notebooks included all of his designs and sketches. Famous for painting

leonardo paintings

1. The last supper, 2. Mona Lisa.

Michelangelo

Famous sculpter 3 that he is famous for, statue of David- as in david and goliath, also famous for the sculpture called the pieta( life size work).

Raphael

he is remembered for his paintings. Religious and Mary and her child mostly. (Madonna).

Baldassare Castiglione

Itallina writer, wrote the book The Couriter, which was published in 1527

Niccolo Machiavelli

wrote a book entitled "The Print". Mostly covering all about government. Also went around to most of the known world at the time and went around to the governments to figure out which would be the best kind

Northern Europe

slow to recover from the huge pandemic

Printing press

played a very important role during the Renaissance

Albrecht Durer

was German, referred to as the German Leonardo

Desiderius Erasmus

wrote In Praise of Folly (name of his book) made fun or moral behavior.

Clergy

church officials

Thomas more

Henry the 8 chopped his head off. Before he got his head chopped of her wrote as book called "Utopia

utopia

meaning an imagined place or thing that is perfect.

Utopian

a person who makes no mistakes and is looking for the perfect place.

Francois Rabelais-

he was a humorist- poked fun at religion

William Shakespeare

famous writer.

Don Quixote

a book written about knights

Johann Gutenberg

invented/used the printing press to make money. 1st to do this.

reform

to make a change or improvement.

catholic church

is being called upon to reform the practices of the church/ some of the teachings of the church

protests

people break off a start their own church (new religions)

Protestant groups

change into their own religious churches from the Christian Church Only Christian not catholic.

Papal Supremacy

believe that the pope is the most supreme person on the earth.

Indulgences

seeking forgiveness with any of your sins. Had to pay for

Purgatory

a place or state of suffering inhabited by the souls of sinners who are expiating their sins before going to heaven

Martin Luther

was a priest (munk). A member of the clergy. He was a proffessor/ teacher

Theology

the study of the nature of God and religious belief, go to cemonarys

Tetzel

was selling indulgences to get money for St. Peters church while under construction

95 thesis

a list of 95 complaints that Luther had against the catholic church. Nailed them to the door of the church.

Theocracy

a system of government in which priests rule in the name of God or a god.

recant

say that one no longer holds an opinion or belief

heresy

an idea that goes against accepted church beliefs

Charles V

ruler of the holy roman empire and the Diet of Worms

diet of worms

the assembly of the city state. Charles V declared luther an outlaw

Luther's Beliefs

believed in justification by faith

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