medical terinology

299 terms by carolkester 

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questions and answers

False

When joining two word roots, a combining vowel is not required.

neur/o

Which combining form means nerve

True

A colostomy is the surgical creation of an opening between the colon and the body surface.

False

A lesion is a torn, ragged wound.

neuritis

Which term means inflammation of a nerve?

ot/o

In the term otorhinolaryngology, which word part means ear?

false

The suffix -gram means the process of recording a picture or record.

myopathy

A pathologic change of muscle tissue is _____. (my/o means muscle.)

myelopathy

Which term means any pathologic change or disease in the spinal cord or bone marrow?

False

Mycosis means any disease of the spinal cord.

colitis

Inflammation of the colon is known as _____. (col/o means colon.)

-algia

pain

hyper-

excessive

hypo-

deficient

-megaly

abnormal enlargement

-osis

abnormal condition

True

The suffix -otomy means cutting into or a surgical incision

False

A syndrome can be observed only by the patient and not by others.

gastroenteritis

The term meaning inflammation of the stomach and small intestine is _____. (gastr/o means stomach and enter/o means small intestine.)

gastralgia

Which term means pain in the stomach?

myorrhexis

Which term means the rupture of a muscle?

appendectomy

surgical removal of the appendix

arthralgia

joint pain

erythrocytes

red blood cells

prenatal

before birth

tonsillitis

inflammation of the tonsils

True

Pyrosis is also known as heartburn

virile

The term meaning possessing masculine traits is _____.

True

A prefix usually, but not always, indicates location, time, or number.

true

The plural of appendix is appendices.

hemmorrhage

The medical term meaning excessive bleeding is _____.

False

A combining vowel is used when the suffix begins with a vowel.

suturing

Which term means the act of closing a wound or incision by stitching or a similar means?

suffix

In the term pericardiectomy, the word part ectomy is a ____.

-necrosis

tissue death

-sclerosis

abnormal hardening

-scopy

visual examination

-stenosis

abnormal narrowing

supra-

above

False

Prostate means to collapse.

True

A sign, such as fever, is evidence of disease that can be observed by the patient and others.

arthr/o

Which combining form means joint?

laceration

Which term describes a torn, ragged wound?

True

The term interstitial means between, but not within, the parts of a tissue.

hepatomegaly

Abnormal enlargement of the liver is known as _____. (hepat/o means liver.)

otitis

The term for inflammation of the middle ear is _____ media. (ot/o means ear.)

myotomy

A surgical incision into a muscle is a/an _____. (my/o means muscle.)

Record

-gram

process of recording

-graphy

inflammation

-itis

abnormal softening

-malacia

Below

sub-

arteriosclerosis

The term meaning abnormal hardening of the walls of an artery or arteries is _____. (arteri/o means artery.)

hypertension

The term meaning higher than normal blood pressure is _____.

arthralgia

Inflammation of a joint is known as _____. (arthr/o means joint.)

pertaining to the heart

cardiac

swelling

edema

abnormal stomach condition

gastrosis

above the ribs

supracostal

signs and symptoms that occur together

syndrome

osteonecrosis

The death of bone tissue is known as _____. (oste/o means bone.)

tonsillectomy

Surgical removal of the tonsils is known as a/an ______. (tonsill/o means tonsils.)

palpitation

The term meaning a pounding or racing heart is _____.

-rrhaphy

Which suffix means to suture or stitch?

gastrostomy

A surgical incision into the stomach is a/an _____. (gastr/o means stomach.)

prostate

In the male, the urethra is surrounded by the _____ gland

arterionecrosis

Which term means the tissue death of an artery or arteries?

eponym

When a disease is named for the person who first discovered it, it is known as a/an _____.

-ostomy

Which suffix means a surgical creation of an artificial opening?

cystoscopy

The term meaning visual examination of the bladder is _____. (cyst/o means bladder.)

inter-

Which prefix means between or among?

myoplasty

The surgical repair of a muscle is known as _____. (my/o means muscle is.)

colotomy

A surgical incision into the colon is a/an _____. (col/o means colon.)

leuk/o

Which combining form means white?

gerontologist

A specialist in disorders and problems associated with aging is known as a/an _____.

-stenosis

Which suffix requires the use of the combining vowel?

rhinoplasty

The medical term meaning the surgical repair of the nose is _____. (rhin/o means nose.)

bleeding from the liver

Based on its word parts, term hepatorrhagia means

True

The term phlegm begins with an "F" sound.

addiction

A strong dependence on a drug or substance is a/an _____.

triage

The screening of patients to determine their priority of need for medical treatment is called _____.

ilium

Which term means part of the hipbone

appendectomy

Which is the correct spelling of the term meaning the surgical removal of the appendix?

False

Euthyroid means a hyperactive thyroid gland.

True

Pain is a symptom that can only be observed by the patient.

eneoscopy

The visual examination of the interior of a body cavity with an endoscope is known as _____.

True

Diagnosis is the process of identifying a disease.

Rupture of the heart.

What does the term cardiorrhexis mean?

True

Mucus is the substance secreted by the mucous membranes.

myc/o

Which combining form means fungus?

True

Dysfunctional means a body part that is not working properly.

pyr

Which word root means fever?

erythrocytes

Which term means red blood cells?

False

An inflammation is the invasion of the body by a disease-causing organism.

False

An atheroma is a fatty deposit within a joint

True

Suppuration is the formation or discharging of pus.

True

Swelling is a sign of inflammation

-ologist

Which suffix means a specialist?

perinatal

Which term describes the time and events surrounding birth?

False

Myelitis is a muscle inflammation caused by a fungus.

down

The genetic disorder characterized by varying degrees of mental retardation is known as _____ syndrome.

False

Phenylketonuria is a congential disorder in which an essential enzyme is missing.

True

The mesentery is a layer of the peritoneum that suspends parts of the intestine within the abdominal cavity.

autopsy

postmortem (after death) examination is known as a/an _____.

orchid/o

Which combining form means testicles?

False

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is found only in gametes.

epidemiology

Which term means the study of the outbreak of disease within a population group?

lateral

Which term means toward the side?

True

Iliac refers to the hipbone.

endothelium

Which type of tissue forms the lining of the internal organs?

abdominal cavity

Protects the major organs of digestion

cranial cavity

Protects the brain

pelvic cavity

Protects reproductive and excretory system organs

spinal cavity

Protects the spinal cord

thoracic cavity

Protects the heart and the lungs

adenosclerosis

Abnormal hardening of a gland is known as _____.

True

The sex cells (sperm and ovum) are also known as gametes.

False

A sagittal plane is any plane that divides the body into upper and lower portions.

caudal

Which term means toward the lower part of the body?

adenitis

Inflammation of a gland

adenoma

A benign tumor from recognizable glandular structures

adenomalacia

Abnormal softening of a gland

adenosclerosis

Abnormal hardening of a gland

adenosis

Any disease condition of a gland

peritonitis

The term meaning an inflammation of the peritoneum is _____.

pelvic

The body cavity containing the organs of the reproductive and excretory systems is known as the _____ cavity.

true

Genetic mutation describes changes that take place within genes

dermatologist

A specialist in disorders of the skin is a/an _____. (dermat/o means skin.)

posterior

The opposite of anterior is ____.

false

Sickle cell anemia and sickle cell trait are two names for the same disease.

skeletal

The ____ system supports and shapes the body.

Huntington's disease

Which hereditary disorder causes the irreversible and progressive loss of muscle control and mental ability?

iliac

Pain in the lower right abdominal area is described as being in the right _____ region.

standing up so the body is erect

Which is characteristic of the anatomic position?

hepatitis B

Which disease is spread by bloodborne transmission?

endemic

Which term means the ongoing presence of a disease within a population, group, or area?

encephalitis

Inflammation of the brain is known as _____. (encephal/o means brain.)

True

Caudal means toward the lower part of the body.

coronal plane

Which plane divides the body into anterior and posterior portions?

The combining form hepat/o means _____.

The combining form hepat/o means _____.

liver

The combining form hepat/o means _____.

True

Ascites is an abnormal accumulation of clear or milky serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity.

dorsal

Which body cavity protects the spinal column?

true

Stem cells are cells with the ability to divide without limit and to give rise to specialized cells.

chromosomes

All cells except the gametes have a nucleus that contains 46 ____ arranged into pairs.

adenectomy

The surgical removal of a gland is known as a/an ______.

False

The term retroperitoneal means located within the peritoneum of the abdominal cavity.

endocrine

Hormones are secreted by ____ glands

homeostasis

The term meaning to maintain a constant internal environment is _____.

nosocomial

Which condition is a hospital-acquired infection?

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