Real time event involving two people who are engaging in sexual talk for the purpose of sexual pleasure.
Incitements or inclinations to act sexually.
Pattern of sexual and emotional attraction based on the gender of one's partner.
Characteristics associated with being male or female.
Genitals and/or identities as male/female are discordant.
Man who assumes female dress, gender role, and status.
Wearing clothes of or passing as a member of the other sex.
Normal Sexual Behavior
Conforms to a group's average or median patterns of behavior.
Sex Information/advice Genre
Transmits information and norms about sexuality to a mass audience to both inform and entertain in a simplified manner.
Specialists in study of human sexuality.
Flaws in Research About Sex
1. Misinterpreted by global media.
2. Changes in "current knowledge"
3. Depends on volunteers
4. Most research occurs with college students
5. Ethnic groups generally underrepresented
6. Coming out issues with studies
Belief that our own personal experience and values generally are held by others.
Our own ethnic group or culture is innately superior to others.
Drawing a general conclusion from specific facts.
In-Depth examination of an individual or group that comes to a psychiatrist, psychologist, or social worker for assistance.
Unhealthy or diseased behavior.
Devices attached to genitals to measure physiological response.
Richard Von Kraft-Ebbing
-Fetishism and Sadism
-Misguided focus on masturbation
- Psychological disorders - unconscious
- Sexuality begins at birth
- 5 Stages of psychosexual development
- Inadequate description of female development
- Relativity of Sexual Values
- Challenged abnormality of masturbation.
- Women possessed desires no less intense than those of men
- Person was born homosexual
- Documented actual sexual behavior (Americans)
- Public vs. actual standards of sexual behavior.
- Work made it possible to discuss sex
- Freed persons from stigma of abnormality
- Erroneous to classify as homosexual or heterosexual.
Masters and Johnson
Destroyed Freudian distinction between vaginal and clitoral orgasm. Pioneers of modern sex therapy.
Movement that involves women and men working together for equality.
Development of social categories.
Men who were attracted to men were "urnings," born that way, developed fist scientific theory of homosexuality.
Homosexuals as masculine as heterosexuals, inborn and not immoral.
Presented case for humanity of transvestites, and founded first organization for homosexual rights.
Homosexuality not a psychological disorder.
The year when APA passed resolution that there is no evidence for reparative therapies for homosexuals.
African American Factors
Sexual stereotypes as hypersexual and promiscuous, socioeconomic status - lower incomes have riskier behaviors, subculture - more likely to engage in sexual intercourse at an earlier age.
Cultural Equivalency Perspective
Attitudes, values and behaviors of one ethnic group are similar to those of another.
Two stereotypes: Sexually permissive and macho, diversity of ethnic groups, SES significance, degree of acculturation.
Includes mons pubis, clitoris, labia majora, labia minora.
Pad of fatty tissue that covers the area of pubic bone - 6 inches below belly button.
Center of sexual arousal
Tip of shaft of clitoris.
Covers glans when clitoris is not engorged.
Tips of erectile tissue that attach to the pelvic bones.
Hollow chambers that fill with blood and swell during arousal.
Bartholins (Vestibular) Glands
Secrete small amount of moisture during sexual arousal.
Flexible, muscular structure that extends 3-5 inches back and up from vaginal opening.
Sensory nerve endings in lower third of vagina.
Thickwalled, muscular organ held in the pelvic cavity by a number of flexible ligaments.
Inner lining of uterine walls.
immature oocytes are embeded in saclike structures.
After oocyte emerges, what ruptured follicles become.
Funnel shaped end of each fallopian tube.
Fingerlike- draped over the ovary.
Transport oocyte that has been released from ovary into fallopian tube.
Widened part of tube in which fertilization occurs.
First phase of ovarian cycle, ovarian follicles grow, one matures, estrogen secreted, oocyte matures.
Second phase of ovarian cycle, day 11 of cycle, oocyte undergoes cell division and becomes ready for ovulation.
Pain on one side of lower abdomen during ovulation.
Day 14-28 of cycle (third phase), ovarian hormone levels at their lowest.
First phase of menstrual cycle, shedding of endometrium.
Second phase of menstrual cycle, 9 days, endometrium thickens, secretes mucous.
Final phase of menstrual cycle, prepares for arrival of a fertilized ovum - uterus glands enlarge and secrete glycogen.
This phenomenon appears to be related to sense of smell response to pheromones.
Chemical substances secreted into the air.
heavy or prolonged bleeding.
Serious pain to limit a woman's activities
High levels causes dysmenorrhea.
when women do not menstruate.
Sexual Response Cycle
Sequence of patterns that take place in the body during sexual arousal.
Masters and Johnsons 4 Model Phase of Sexual Response
Excitement, plateau, orgasm and resolution.
Kaplans Tri-Phasic Model of Sexual Response
Desire, excitement, and orgasm phases.
Loulan's Sexual Response Model
Biological and affective components into six stage model/cycle.
Areas of the skin highly sensitive to touch.
Hormone commonly associated with contractions during labor and breast feeding.
Concentration of blood in body tissues.
Increased muscle tension accompanying the approach of orgasm.
Upper 2/3 of vagina expands, about an inch in length, and doubles its width.
Darkening of skin or rash that temporarily appears as a result of blood rushing to skin's surface.
Thickening of vaginal walls.
Enlarged head of the penis.
Rim at the base of the glans.
A triangular area of senstive skin that attaches the glans to the foreskin.
Two parallel columns of erectile tissue that extend along the front surface of the penis.
One of three parallel columns of erectile tissue that runs beneath the corpora cavernosa, surrounds the urethra, and forms the glans.
Root of penis that is anchored by muscle to the pubic bone.
Located with the scrotal sac; suspends each testicle and contains nerves, blood vessels, and a vas deferens.
Tiny, highly compressed tubes where the production of sperm takes place.
Merged from the seminiferous tubules, a comma-shaped structure where the sperm mature.
A tube that extends into the abdominal cavity and carries the sperm from the testicles to the urethra for ejaculation.
Widened section of the vas deferens.
One of two glands at the back of the bladder that together secrete about 60% of the seminal fluid
Produces about 30-35% of the seminal fluid in the ejaculated semen.
Also called bulbourethral glands; secrete a clear, thick, alkaline mucous prior to ejaculation.
average size of unaroused penis.
One or both of testes fail to descend.
Swelling or enlargement of the male breast caused by estrogen imbalance, can occur during adolescence or adulthood.
testosterone replacement theory
symptoms from aging reversed
Low Sperm Count/Motility
Most causes of male infertility are related to ____.
ejaculation must occur even if stimulation ceases.
Attitudes, behaviors, rights, and responsibility that particular cultural groups associate with each sex.
society may be least understood by how it is organized according to gender.
Cognitive Social Learning Theory
Observable events and consequences rather than internal feelings and drives.
Cognitive Development Theory
Children's active interpretation of the messages they receive form the environment.
Social Construction theory
Gender as set of practices and performances that occur through language and a political system.
Identify sexuality as system that can't be understood as gender neutral or by actions of heterosexuals.
Cognitive organization of the world according to gender.
Flexibility in gender roles and unique combination of instrumental and expressive traits as influenced by individual differences, situations, and stages in life cycle.
Person born with sexual anatomy that doesn't fit typical definition of male/female.
Disorders of sex development
Defined by congenital conditions in which development of chromosomal, gonadal, or anatomical sex is atypical.
Gender identity disorder
Strong and persistent cross-gender identification and persistent discomfort about one's assigned sex.
Person's gender identity and sexual anatomy aren't comparable. Convinced they have been given the body of the wrong sex. Want to change sex, not personality.
Psychological aspects of sexuality.
Nudity - Basic Guidelines
Accept and respect a child's body, do not punish or humiliate a child for seeing his or her parents naked, going to the bathroom, or being sexual with each other, respect a child's need for privacy.
Four Types of Sexuality Education
Comprehensive, abstinence-based, abstinence-only, abstinence-only-until-marriage
Establishing Sexual Orientation, Integrating love and sex, forging intimacy and making commitments, making fertility/childbearing decisions, practicing safer sex to protect against STIs, evolving a sexual philosophy.
Establishing Sexual Orientation
Sex play, sexual experimentation, developed by adolescence or young adulthood (heterosexuality), homosexuality takes longer to confirm and accept.
Feelings of sexual attraction to members of the same sex.
Situation-dependent flexibility in genders of a woman's sexual attraction. (Flexibility makes it possible for some women under unique circumstances to experience same-sex or other sex desires.
Negative attitudes and affects toward homosexuality in other persons and toward same-sex attraction in one's self.
Four Moral Standards of Nonmarital Sexuality
Abstinence standard, double standard, permissiveness with emotional affection, permissiveness without affection.
Cohabitation in committed relationships.
Succession of marriages.
Period of gradual change and adjustment in 40s
Cessation of menstruation for at least one year - average age 51 years.
Benign prostatic hypertrophy
enlargement of prostate. 50% over age 50 affected.
Love of Beauty
Obsessive and possessive love.
Love between companions
Traditional christian love that is chaste, patient, undemanding, and altruistic.
Sternberg's Triangular Theory of Love
Dynamic quality of love relationships.
1. Intimacy - warm, close bond
2. Passion - romance, attraction, sexuality
3. Decision/Commitment - short/long term
Liking, infatuation, romantic, companionate, fatuous, consumate, empty, and nonlove.
Style of infant attachment characterized by feelings of security and confidence in relation to the primary caregiver.
Other people did not get as close as they themselves wanted.
Discomfort in being close to people; distrustful and fearful of being dependent.
Love that is not returned.
Aversive response that occurs because of a partner's real, imagined, or likely involvement with a third person.
Sexual or romantic relationships outside of a primary or dating couple.
Determination to continue a relationship or marriage in good times and bad.
Involves the making of another's needs as important as your own.
Transactional process by which we use symbols to establish human contact, exchange information and reinforce change in our own attitudes and behaviors and those of others.
Assumption that attractive or charismatic people also possess more desirable social characteristics.
Sexual Strategies Theory
Short-term and long-term differences in heterosexual relationships from an evolutionary mating perspective.
Positive emotional response to sexuality.
Negative emotional response to sexuality.
Plans that organize and give direction to our behavior.
Sexual activities that involve only the self (intrapersonal)
Nongenital, touching and caressing.
Pressing together of bodies with genital thrusting.
Rubbing penis between thighs of a partner.
A woman's genitals stimulated by her partner's tongue and mouth.
Man's penis is taken into his partner's mouth.
Men providing oral stimulation to their own penis - less than one percent can actually do it.
Sharing energies - generating energy with subtle movements.
Any means of preventing birth from taking place.
Fertilized egg, fetus, or embryo.
prevention of conception all together.
Fertility Awareness Based Methods
Method of pregnancy prevention based on women's knowledge of her body's reproductive cycle.
Calendar (rhythm) Method
Calculating "safer" days, depends on range of longest and shortest menstrual cycles.
Basal Body Temperature Method
Record temperature every day, it decreases during menstruation, and rises sharply during ovulation.
Cervical Mucous Method
determine their stage in menstrual cycle by examining the mucous secretions of the cervix.
Two or more fertility indicators used together.
Surgical intervention that makes reproductive organs incapable of producing or delivering viable gametes.
Tying the fallopian tubes.
Viewing lens to locate fallopian tubes and another instrument to cut or block and close them.
Each vans deferens is severed, prevents sperm from entering seminal fluid.
Emergency contraception (EC)
Expulsion of conceptus, spontaneously or by induction.
Death of fetus before it can survive on its own (miscarriage)
Two drugs to terminate early pregnancy.
Sexual Function Dissatisfaction
Outcome of difficulty in sexual functioning.
Disturbance in sexual desire and the psychophysiological changes that characterize the sexual response cycle and cause marked distress and interpersonal difficulty.
Hypoactive sexual desire
Persistent or recurrent deficiency or lack of sexual fantasies and desire for sexual activity that causes marked distress or interpersonal difficulty (inhibited sexual desire). - #1 sexual function problem of American couples.
Sexual Aversion Disorder
Persistent and recurrent aversion to and avoidance of genital contact with a partner that causes marked distress.
Female Sexual Arousal Disorder
Persistent or recurring inability to attain or maintain the level of vaginal lubrication and swelling associated with sexual excitement, causing marked distress or interpersonal difficulty. - Due to psychological issues, physiological or substance use.
Male Erectile Disorder
(erectile dysfunction) Persistent or recurrent inability to attain or maintain an adequate erection until completion of sexual activity, causing marked distress or interpersonal difficulty.
Persistent Sexual Arousal Syndrome
Sexual arousal in women that does not resolve in ordinary ways but continues for hours, days, or weeks.
Female Orgasmic Disorder
Persistent and recurrent absence of or delay in orgasm for women following normal sexual excitement. - Second most common sexual function difficulty.
Male Orgasmic Disorder
Persistent or recurrent delay in or absence of orgasm following a normal sexual excitement phase that causes marked distress or interpersonal difficulty.
Persistent or recurrent involuntary spasm of the muscles of the outer third vagina that interferes with sexual intercourse and causes marked distress or interpersonal difficulties.
Persistent or recurrent genital pain, ranging from mild to severe, that is associated with intercourse and that causes marked distress or interpersonal difficulty.
Pain occurring during anal intercourse.
Calcium deposits and tough fibrous tissue develop in the corpora cavernosa within the penis.
Prolonged and painful erection, occurring when blood is unable to drain from penis.
Weak pelvic floor muscle surrounding the urethra and vagina.
Person becomes a spectator of her or his own sexual performance.
self-hatred because of one's own homosexuality.
Sexual Function Enhancement
Improving the quality of a sexual relationship.
Products to enhance erotic responsiveness (sex toys - playful quality of erotic aids).
Focusing on touch and the giving and receiving of pleasure.
Penis is brought manually to a full erection. Just before he ejaculates his partner squeezes his penis with thumb and forefinger just below corona.
Four progressive levels of sex therapy, permission, limited information, specific suggestions and intensive therapy.