AP US History

Created by chaoticchaos980 

Upgrade to
remove ads

Colonizing America - End of the French/Indian War

Treaty of Tordesillas

1494

V. Balboa

(1513) crosses Panama and claims the Pacific for the King of Spain

Juan Ponce de Leon

(1513, 1521) explored Florida

F. Magellan

(1513) his crew makes first successful sail around the world

Hernando Cortes

1519 conquers the Aztec Empire; without Cortes' success other conquistadors would not have explored as much

F. Pizarro

(1532) conquers the Inca in Peru

H. Desoto

(1539-42) traveled all over Southern America and Mississippi area

F. Coronado

(1540-42) looks for Pueblo people and their (nonexistent) gold

J. Cabrillo

(1542) explored California; missed gold by 100 miles

Encomienda System

grouped together existing Indian villages and established a church in the middle; religious conversion; King rewarded people with land; similar to feudalism; removed because of disease

Hacienda System

King gifts an hacienda; people come from miles to live and work at the hacienda; paid money, but must pay for room and board; but cost > pay, became essentially slavery

The Mission System

creates community around a catholic church; room, board, and religious services; many move there as a last choice;

King Henry VIII creates "The Church of England"

1530's

Elizabeth I

Queen from 1558-1603; anticatholic, cautions and smart

Mystery at Roanoke

1585 - attempt with only men
1587 - attempt with women and children
1590 - Raleigh returns and no one is left

Destruction of the Spanish Armada

1588

Factors pushing England to colonize

(1) Destruction of Spanish Armada (2) over-population in England (3) desire for Naval Stores (places to store supplies to make ships)

Settlement of Jamestown, VA

1607

Problems at Jamestown

Location (diseased swamp); lack of leadership; type of people (primogeniture); waste time seeking god; relations with native americans

John Rolfe

brings tobacco to VA (provides Economic thrust)

William Bradford

Leader of Plymouth and the pilgrims

Settlement of Plymouth

1620

The Mayflower Compact

not a constitution; a "civil body politick;" simple agreement to follow the majority

Plymouth

settled in 1620 in Massachusetts by the Separatists (pilgrims); mayflower compact; people die, but Squanto helps; joins Massachusetts Bay in the end of the 17th century

Settlement of Massachusetts Bay

1630

Massachusetts Bay Colony

King Charles I grants Puritans a charter; Boston; John Winthrop; fishing + ship building; 1636 creation of Harvard to teach Puritan way

John Winthrop

"city upon a hill" (Boston)

Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

1639 (example of laws being written in constitutions

Lord Baltimore

founded Maryland in 1634 as refuge for Catholics; Acts of Tolerance;

Act of Tolerance

in Boston it gave religious tolerance to all Christianity

Lord Baltimore

Founded Maryland in 1634

Peace of Paris

1763

French and Indian War

1754-1763

"Seven Years War"

1756-1763

Great Awakening

1730's

George Whitefield

FERVENT preacher in Great Awakening 1738

J. Edwards

crazy, fervent preacher in Great Awakening (unbaptized children)

Founding of Quebec

1608 (year after Jamestown)

Slave introduction to America

1690 (introduction of Rice Agriculture to SC)

Bacon's Rebellion

1676 (century before signing of Declaration of Independence)

Indentured Servitude (time period)

1600ish - 1676ish

Southern Colonies

GA, SC, NC, VA, MD

New England Colonies

Massachusetts, Connecticut, RI, NH

Bread Colonies

NY, Deleware, NJ, Penn

James II

1685-88

Glorious Revolution

King William and Queen Mary take over for James II (1688)

Anne Hutchinson

ANTINOMIANISM - religious existentialism

New England Confederation

1643; used as protection from Indians; Plymouth, Mass. Bay, Connecticut places (remember: Confederation = Americans established)

The Dominion of New England

created by James II to easier rule New England; Mass., Conn., NH, RI, NY, and NJ; no smuggling!

Roger Williams

puritan clergyman who believes Indians are being mistreated; establishes the sewer of New England for misfits

Georgia

1733

Pennsylvania

1681 (William Penn the Quaker)

Maryland

1634 (Lord Baltimore)

Deleware

1664 (originally called New Sweden)

Carolina

1670

North Carolina

1712

Rhode Island/Connecticut

1635

New York

1613

New Jersey

1664

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set