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Acquired Immune deficiency syndrome

a disease caused by the HIV virus that breaks down the body's immune system. AIDS is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

Allergy

Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances.

Antiseptics

Chemical germicides formulated for use on skin; registered and regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

Bacilli (singular;bacillus)

Shorts, rod-shaped bacteria; the most common bacteria; they produce diseases such as tetanus (lockjaw), typhoid fever, tuberculosis, and diphtheria

Bacteria (singular; bacterium)

One-celled microorganisms. Some are harmful, some are harmless.

Bactericidal

Capable of destroying bacteria.

binary fission

The division of bacteria cells into two new cells called daughter cells

Cilia

Slender, hair-like extensions that permit locomotion in certain bacteria; their whip-like motion moves bacteria in liquid

Cocci

Round shaped bacteria that appear singly, alone, or in groups. The three types of cocci are staphylococci, streptococci, and diplococci.

Contagious disease

Also known as communicable disease; disease that is spread from one person to another person. Some of the more contagious diseases are the common cold, ringworm, conjunctivitis, pinkeye, viral infections, and natural nail or toe and foot infections.

Diagnosis

Determining the nature of a disease from its symptoms and/or diagnostic tests. Federal regulations prohibit salon professionals from performing a diagnosis.

Diplococci

Spherical bacteria that grow in pairs and cause diseases such as pneumonia

Disease

Abnormal condition of all or part of the body, organ, or mind that makes it incapable of carrying out normal function.

Disinfectable

An item that can be disinfected.

Disinfectants

Chemical agents that destroy most bacteria, fungi and viruses, but not spores, on surfaces

Disinfection

Chemical products that destroy all bacteria, fungi, and viruses, but not spores on surfaces.

Efficacy

Effectiveness with which a disinfecting solution kills germs, when used according to the label.

Exposure Incident

Contact with non-intact skin, blood, body fluid or other potentially infectious materials that results from performance of an employees duties.

Flagella (singular; flagellum)

Slender, hair-like extensions used by bacilli and spirilla for locomotion, moving about. May also be referred to as cilia.

Fungi (singular; flagellum)

Microscopic plant parasites, including molds, mildews, and yeasts; can produce contagious diseases such as ringworm.

Fungicidal

Capable of destroying fungi

Hepatitis

Bloodborne virus that causes disease and can damage the liver.

human immunodeficiency virus

abbreviated HIV; virus that causes aquired immune deficiency syndrome, AIDS.

Immunity

Ability of the body to destroy and resist infection. Immunity against disease can be either natural or acquired and is a sign of good health.

Infection

Invasion of body tissue by disease-causing pathogens

Infectious

caused by or capable of being transmitted by infection.

Inflammation

A condition in which the body reacts to injury or infection; characterized by redness, heat, pain, and swelling.

Microorganism

Any organism of microscopic to submicroscopic size.

Mildews

Type of fungus that affects plants or grows on inanimate objects, but does not cause human infections in the salon setting.

Motility

Self-movement.

Material Data Safety Sheet

abbreviated MSDS; information about products compiled by manufacturer about product safety, including the names of hazardous ingredients, safe handling and use procedures, precautions to reduce the risk of accidental harm or overexposure, and flammability warnings.

Multi-use

Also known as reusable; Items that can be cleaned, disinfected, and used on more than one person, even if the item is exposed to blood or body fluid.

Nonpathogenic

harmless microorganisms that may perfom useful functions and are safe to come in contact with since they do not cause disease or harm.

Occupational disease

Illness resulting from conditions associated with employment, such as prolonged and repeated overexposure to certain products or ingredients.

Parasites

Organisms that grow, feed, and shelter on or in another organism, referred to as the host, while contributing nothing to the survival of that organism. Parasites must have a host to survive.

Pathogenic

Harmful microorganisms that can cause disease or infection in humans when they invade the body.

Parasitic disease

disease caused by parasites, such as lice and mites..

Phenolic disinfectants

Powerful tuberculocidal disinfectants. They are a form of formaldehyde, have a very high pH and can damage the skin and eyes.

Porous

made or constructed of a material that has pores or openings. Porous items are absorbent.

Quaternary Ammonium Compounds

also known as quats; disinfectant solution that are very effective when used properly int he salon

Sanitation

Also known as sanitizing; a chemical process for reducing the number of disease-causing germs on cleaned surfaces to a safe level

Scabies

Contagious skin disease that is caused by the itch mite, which burrows under the skin.

Single-use or disposable

also known as disposable; items that cannot be used more than once. These items cannot be properly cleaned so that all visible residue,such as pumice stones used for pedicures, or they are damaged or contaminated by cleaning and disinfecting.

Sodium Hypochlorite

Common household bleach; disinfectant for salon use.

Spirilla

Spiral or corkscrew-shaped bacteria that can cause diseases such as syphilis and Lyme disease

Staphylococci

Pus-forming bacteria that grow in clusters like bunches of grapes, can cause abscesses, pustules and boils.

Sterilization

process that completely destroys all microbial life, including spores

Streptococci

Pus-forming bacteria arranged in curved lines resembling a string of beads; they can cause infections such as strep throat and blood poisoning.

Tuberculocidal

Disinfectants that kills the bacteria that causes tuberculosis

Universal Precautions

A set of guidelines published by OSHA that require the employer and the employee to assume that all human blood and body fluids are infectious for blood borne pathogens.

Virucidal

Capable of destroying viruses.

Virus (plural; viruses)

a parasitic submicroorganism particle that infects and resides in cells of biological organisms. A virus is capable of replication only through taking over the host cell's reproductive function.

Asymptomatic

Showing no symptoms or signs of infection

Bioburden

The number of viable organisms in or on an object or surface or the organic material on a surface or object before decontamination or sterilization.

bloodborne pathogens

Disease-causing microorganisms carried in the body by blood or body fluids, such as hepatitis and HIV

chelating soaps

Also known as chelating detergents; detergents that break down stubborn films and remove the residue of pedicure products such as scrubs, salts, and masks.

clean (cleaning)

a mechanical process, scrubbing, using soap and water or detergent and water to remove all visible dirt, debris, and many disease-causing germs. Cleaning also removes invisible debris that interferes with disinfection. Cleaning is what cosmetologists are required to do before disinfecting.

Contamination

The presence, or the reasonably anticipated presence, of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface or visible debris or residues such as dust, hair, and skin.

Decontamination

The removal of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface and the removal of visible debris or residue such as dust, hair, and skin.

Direct transmission

Transmission of blood or body fluids through touching (including shaking hands), kissing, coughing, sneezing, and talking.

Hospital disinfectants

Disinfectants that are effective for cleaning blood and body fluids.

human papilloma virus

abbreviated HPV and also known as plantar warts; a virus that can infect the bottom of the foot and resemble small black dots, usually in clustered groups.

indirect transmission

transmission of blood or body fluids through contact with an intermediate contaminated object such as a razor, extractor, nipper, or an environmental surface.

Infection control

Are the methods used to eliminate or reduce the transmission of infectious organisms.

infectious disease

Disease caused by pathogenic, harmful microorganisms that enter the body. An infectious disease may or may not be spread from on person to another person.

local infection

an infection, such as a pimple or abscess, that is confined to a particular part of the body and appears as a lesion containing pus.

methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus

abbreviated MRSA; a type of infectious bacteria that is highly resistant to conventional treatments such as antibiotics.

mycobacterium

a microscopic germ that normally exists in tap water in small numbers.

natural immunity

immunity that is partly inherited and partly developed through healthy living.

nonporous

an item that is made of constructed of a material that has no pores or openings and cannot absorb liquids.

pathogenic disease

disease produced by organisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites.

pus

a fluid created by infection

systemic disease

Disease that affects the body as a whole, often due to under-functioning or over-functioning of internal glands or organs. This disease is carried through the blood stream or the lymphatic system.

tinea barbae

also known as barber's itch; a superficial fungal infection that commonly affect the skin. It is primarily limited to the bearded areas of the face and neck or around the scalp

tinea capitis

a fungal infection of the scalp characterized by red papules, or spots, at the opening of the hair follicles.

tinea pedis

a ringworm fungus of the foot

toxins

various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms, bacteria and viruses.

tuberculocideal disinfectants

disinfectants that kill the bacteria that causes tuberculosis.

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