Jefferson and other anti federalists wouldn't ratify the constitution without it.
Bill of Rights
This historic agreement combined the key elements of the Virginia and New Jersey Plans
3 of the 6 basic principles of the U.S. constitution are popular sovereignty, limited government, and separation of powers the other 3 are?
Checks and Balances, Judicial Review, and Federalism
Reaction to the Iron Act of 1750 supported the fact that this country must also have what freedom
Called the Lynch Pin of the Constitution this clause joins the national government and states into a single governmental unit
England is known as a what democracy
Unitary Parliamentary Democracy
Hitler, Mussolini, Stalin all established this form of autocratic government
The Greeks were credited for establishing the 1st democracy but the Romans were credited for establishing the 1st what
This form of government has 1 legislature house, it even exists in the United States
This state legislature housed the forerunner of the U.S. Senate. Patrick Henry made a famous speech here
Virginia House of Burgesses
2 of the 4 methods of formal amendment process call for proposal by
Congress or National Convention
The noble experiment was initiated by this amendment and repealed by this one.
Over the years party practices have turned the electoral college into little more than a rubber stamp True or False
This article defines how the constitution can be formally changed
The presidents blank and senatorial blank are examples of constitutional change by custom
Cabinet and Senatorial courtesy
The National Governments power to levy taxes, coin money, and regulate commerce are all what powers?
These powers are based on article 1 section a clause 18 most commonly known as the what clause?
Setting the age for alcoholic consumption is currently a power reserved for the what governments?
2 of the greatest weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation were lack of power to what and what?
Tax and regulate commerce
Levying taxes, establishing courts, and borrowing money are examples of blank powers
This put king john in his place and made him subject to the law. Protected such rights as trial by jury, and due process of law.
Popular sovereignty, limited government, civil rights, separation of powers, and checks and balances were common features of what constitutions?
Parliament forced this on Charles 1st, reneging caused civil war. Stated that one cannot be jailed without a trial by his peer, stated that king could not impose martial law in time of peace, and banned the taking of homes to house military troops.
Petition of Right
William and Mary had to agree to this document to take the throne
English Bill of Rights
This plan introduced by Franklin in 1754 called for a governing party with delegated powers
What is Government
Institution through which society makes and enforces its public policies
What 3 basic powers does Government exercise
Legislative, Executive and Judicial Powers
Those who rule cant be held to the will of the people
Supreme authority rests with the people
4 Characteristics of State
Population, territory, sovereignty, and government
Theories of orgin of the state
Force Theory, Evolutionary theory, Divine Right theory, Social Contract theory
Purposes of Government
Form a more perfect union, Establish Justice, Insure Domestic tranquility, Provide for the common defense, Promote the general welfare, secure the blessings of liberty
A single person holds unlimited political power
Power to rule is held by a small self apointed elite
All powers belong to a single, central agency
Powers are divided between central government and local government
An allience of independant states
Executive and legislative branches are seperate but equal
Executive is the Prime minister, the legislative is the parliment
Basic Concepts of Government
Ordered Government- local governments such as sheriff and grand jury. Limited Government- government is restricted in what it does. Representitive Government- government should serve the will of the people.l
Purpose of 1st Constitutional Congress/ Results
To discuss the Intolerable acts and to enforce boycott, a call for a 2nd congress
Purpose of 2nd Constitutional Congress/ Results
To try to get England to repeal the taxes, ended up being 1st government for U.S and it raised armies
Weaknesses of Articles of Confederation
Congress did not have the power to tax, lack of central mechanism, lack of power to make states obey the laws, could only be changed by consent of all 13 states
New Jersey Plan
Retained the unicameral congress of the confederation, each state represnted equally, congress could tax and regulate trade
Seperate branches legislative (bicameral), executive and juducial, representation based on staes population
Powers of National Goverment
Expressed, implied, Inheret
Reserved State Power
Powers not granted to the national government, but given to the states
Granted to both the National Government and to the States
Nations Obligation to the State
Republican form of Government, Protect against invasion, Respect teritorial invasion
Abolition of Slavery
Power of Congress to tax incomes
Limit on Presidential Terms
Voting age of 18
4 methods of Formal Amendment Process
1st (Proposed by 2/3 house), 2nd (Proposed by congress ratified by conventions), 3rd ( May be called by a national convention 2/3 approve) 4th ( ratified by conventions proposed at national convention 3/4 approve)
3 Freedoms Protected by Bill of Rights
Freedom of speech, press, and religion
Holds that the Government and its officers are always subject to, never above, the law.
Rule of Law