The period from about 1890 to 1920, during which a variety of reforms were enacted at the local, state, and federal levels.
Journalist who uncovers wrongdoing in politics or business
Court order prohibiting a certain activity.
social welfare programs
Program designed to ensure a basic standard of living for all citizens.
Relating to a city, as in a municipal government.
System that gives cities a limited of self-rule.
Election in which all citizens vote to select nominees for upcoming elections.
A process in which citizens can put a proposed new law directly on the ballot in the next election by collecting voters' signatures on a petition.
Process that allows citizens to approve or reject a law passed by their legislature.
Procedure that permits voters to remove public officials from office before the next election.
Firm that buys up stocks and bonds of smaller companies.
A person who favors the protection of natural resources.
Theodore Roosevelt's plan for greater federal regulation of business and workplaces, income and inheritance taxes, and electoral reforms.
Bull Moose Party
Nickname of the Progressive Party.
Clayton Antitrust Act
Law passed in 1914 to strengthen the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890; specified big businesses activities that were forbidden.
Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
1914 Commission established by Wilson and Congress to enforce the Clayton Act and set up fair-trade laws.
Federal Reserve System
Nation's central banking system, established in 1913.
Nonviolent refusal to obey a law in an effort to change that law.
National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA)
Organization formed in 1890 to continue the pursuit of women's rights, especially the right to vote.