polymers composed of covalently linked AAs linked by *peptide bonds* in a head to tail fashion.
organic cmpds containing both an Amino (NH2) group and a Carboxyl (COO) group. They differ in their side chains (R-groups.)
Covalent linkage of amino acids. Formed b/w the -NH2 group of one AA and the -COOH group of another AA.
a.k.a hyperphenylalanemia, is an inherited disorder causing lack of phenylalanine hydoxylase and the inability to convert phenylalanine to tyrosine resulting in the formation of phenylpyruvate. Causes MR in children.
protein + prosthetic group (i.e. glycoprotein = sugar + protein)
*Most Common protein disorder.*
Occurs when there is increased plasma water volume (hemodilution) or by:
1. Kidney disease: proteins pass through but water is reabsorbed
2. Blood loss
4. Severe liver disease
5. Accelerated breakdown as in burns or trauma
Insoluble in water
Includes alpha1, alpha2, beta and gamma globulins
Many functions (see page 296)