Unit 1 Literary Terms

26 terms by NeilKelty Plus

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alliteration

The repitition of the same or similar consonant sounds in words that are close together.

allusion

A reference to someone or something that is known form hitory, literature, religion, politics, sports, science, or some other branch of culture.

aphorism

A brief, cleverly worded statement that makes a wise observation about life.

apostrophe

A technique by which a writer address an inanimate object, an idea, or a person who is either ded or absent.

autobiography

An account of the writer's own life.

blank verse

poetry written in unrhymed iambic pantameter.

conceit

An elaborate metaphor or other figure of speech that compares two things that are startlingly different.

connotation

The associates and emotional overtones that have bcome attacked to a word or phrase, in addition to its strict dictionary definition.

consonance

The repitition of the same or similar final consonant sounds on accented syllables or in important words.

couplet

Two consecutive rhyming lines of poetry.

extended metaphor

A type of a figure of speech that is developed over several lines or with several examples.

figure of speech

A word or phrase that describes on thing in terms of another and that is not meant to be taken literally.

iambic pentameter

A line of poetry that contains five iambic feet.

inversion

The reversal of the normal word order in a sentence or phrase.

meter

A pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry.

onomatopoeia

The use of a worded whose sound imitates or suggests its meaning.

oxymoron

A figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase.

paradox

A statement that appears self-contradictory but that reveals a kind of truth.

personification

A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes

petrarchan sonnet

A fourteenline poem, usually written in iabmic pentameter, with the frist eitht lines called the octave, asking a question or posing a problem. Final six lines respond to the question or problem.

plain style

A way of writing that stresses simplicity and clarity of expression.

satire

A type of writing that ridicules the shortcomings of people or institutions in an attemmpt to bring about a change.

sestet

Six lines of poetry, especially the last six lines of a Petrarchan, or Italian, sonnet.

simile

A figure of speech that makes an explicit comparison between two unlike things, using a word such as like, as, than, or resembles.

synecdoche

A figure of speech in which a part represents the whole.

tragic flaw

A personality failure in a character.

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