Ancient Greece & Rome

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City-states

A city and its surrounding lands functioning as an independent political unit.

Epic

A long narrative poem celebrating the deeds of legendary or traditional heroes.

Acropolis

A fortified hilltop in an Ancient Greek city.

Alexander the Great

A brilliant king who captured many countries, and soon became an unchallenged leader.

Athens

A more "educated" city state in Greece, laying to the north of Sparta.

Homer

A blind man who composed epics, such as the Iliad and the Odyssey.

Macedonia

An Ancient kingdom north of Greece, whose ruler Phillip II conqured Greece in 338 BC.

Mycenaean

An Indo-European people who settled on the Greek mainland around 2000 BC.

Philosophy

The rational investigation of the tyruths and principles of being, knowledge, or conduct.

Polis

A Greek city state, the fundamental political unit of Ancient Greece after about 750 BC.

Sparta

A military state located in the southern part of Greece and nearly cut off from Greece by the culf of Cornith.

Tyranny

A government ruled by a single person.

Augustus Caesar

Julius Caeser's grand nephew and adopted son who was the first true emperor of Rome. His leadership lead to the Pax Romana.

Julius Caesar

A Roman ruler who was a genius at military strategy and a strong leader. He became absolute ruler until he was killed.

Pax Romana

A period of peace and prosperity throughout the Roman Empire, lasting from 27 BC to 180 AD.

Tribune

In Ancient Rome, an official elected by the Plebians to protect their rights.

Christianity

A monotheistic religion, practiced throught the world, dating back to the 4th Century.

Veto

Overruling a law or another's descisions.

Dictator

A leader who had absolute power to make laws and command the army.

Twelve Tables

A list of rules taht were the basis of the Roman legal system.

Hannibal

A Carhaginian general who planned to avenge Carthage's earlier defeat. (Rome vs. Carthage win control of Sicily and the western Mediterranean)

Trimvirate

In Ancient Rome, a group of three leaders sharing control of the government.

Aqueduct

A pipeline or channel built to carry water to populated areas.

Apostle

One of the followers of Jesus who preached and spread his teaching.

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