A person who travels to unknown lands
a place that is ruled by another country
The land at the edge of a settled area
Free to make one's own decisions.
One of the first people to move into an area.
explorer or hunter who often stayed in the wilderness for long periods of time.
Hernando de Soto
This Spaniard was the first European to travel to Tennessee.
When did Hernando de Soto arrive in Tennessee?
What was Hernando de Soto looking for? What did he do when he didn't find it?
Gold. When he didn't find it he killed Indians and burned their villages.
Pioneer who helped build the first lasting settlement in Tennessee at Watauga.
Name three famous long hunters and tell an interesting fact about each one?
1) Thomas Spencer--lived for a whole winter in a hollow tree near Nashville.
2) Daniel Boone--skilled as a hunter and trapper.
3) Timothy Demonbreun--Frenchman who spent winters in a cave near Fort Nashborough.
Famous long hunter about whom many legends were told.
Famous long hunter, known for his skill as a hunter and trapper.
Leader of the pioneers who traveled by land and built Fort Nashborough on the banks of the Cumberland River.
Leader of early group of pioneers who traveled by boat and settled at Fort Nashborough.
The first lasting settlement in Tennessee. It was built along the banks of the Watauga River.
Why is Watauga important? What family helped settle it?
Watauga is important because it was the first independent and lasting settlement in America. The Bean family helped to settle it.
A fort built by James Robertson's group along the banks of the Cumberland River in present day Nashville.
British fort built in 1757 in the area that is now Monroe County, Tennessee. The friendly trading relations turned sour and the Cherokees surrounded the fort and eventually took all 230 people as prisoners.
This French long hunter spent winters in a cave near in French Lick (later Fort Nashborough).
Captain Paul Demere
The British soldier who surrendered Fort Loudoun to the Cherokees on August 9, 1760.
Cherokee warrior who fought against the white settlers. He was the leader of the Chickamaugas.
This Cherokee chief known as "Little Carpenter" who was a friend to the British settlers. His son was Dragging Canoe.
In 1775 this man called a meeting of the Cherokee and purchased an enormous piece of land from them for European made merchandise. this land is today Middle Tennessee and southern Kentucky.
Describe the life of a pioneer.
1) Hard work
3) Made almost everything they used
4) Like to move around
Describe the two groups of pioneers who started Fort Nashborough. Who were the leaders of each group?
The "Robertson Settlers"--James Robertson was the leader of the group that traveled by land. His group brought cattle to the new settlement.
The "Donelson Settlers"--John Donelson was the leader of the other group that traveled by boat. Their boat was named the "Adventure." They had many adventures including being attacked by Indians.