CBA / CBL
Comprehensive Based Approach / Comprehensive Based Learning :
TPR / J. Asher (1982 )
Total Physical Response / Minimal action response rather than a verbal one.It's not demanding. Ex: Stand up Commands.
DOR / V.A. Postovsky
Delayed Oral Response / Model based on Listening and visualization. Introducing Russian through problem solving tasks.
Emphasis on speaking since is more complex than listening. Gammar is not as important as enjoying the learning process.The cardinal principle the teacher must follow is phrase in four words: Subordinate teaching to learning:
OHR / H. Winitz
Optimal Habit Reinforcement / Self instructional program of audio cassettes with a book. " The learneables It provided no feedback to learners.
T. Terrell & S Krashen
Most comprehensive CBA/CBL "Natural Approach" Anyone can learn with out anyone having to spell it out for them
SWL / Caleb Gattegno
Silent Way Learning / The instructor is Silent but may use visual aids , cues gestures, etc to give hits to learners.
Notions and concepts such as Location, frequency, time, sequence.
Lewis ( 1993, 1997)
Chunks Placing Lexus back in the language ex: How do you do? According to the author, write etc the main pincipal is ...Leaner can increase language abilities.
Language is acquired through meaning 1) Information gap Activities2) Reasoning Activities 3) Opinion Gap activities
High expectations of speaking correctly.
Strategy Total Physical Response
By Asher Children develop awareness and attempts to communicate until listening skills each a high level. Commands, gestures and students response with physical response
Cognitive Academic Language Leaning Approach. Learners should be encouraged to use higher level cognitive processes such as application, analysis and synthesis.
Which methods works in content?
CALLA method Ex: science, math, social studies (p.78)6.9
The researcher involved with importance of working through problems to obtain a foreign language is:
Which one is NOT a step in the language experience approach?
The teacher reads a story revising where necessary.
Content-based instruction suggests LEP students need additional 5-7 years to pick up academic language During this period content teachers should not::
Correct LEP's oral language mistakes
Whole Language Approach / Goodman Goodman & Hood (1989)
Listening, speaking, writing & reading.
BICS / Cummins (1999-2003)
Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills
CALP / Cummins (1993-2003)
Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency / Takes about 5 to 7 yeas to acquire