Berlin Conference (1884-1885)
European leaders met in Berlin, Germany to discuss how to peacefully divide Africa. Leaders didn't really think about African independence and didn't represent native Africans
(1899-1902) Between Great Britain and Boers in South Africa over control of rich mining country. Great Britain won and created the Union of South Africa comprised of all the South African colonies.
Dutch settlers living in South Africa. Also called Afrikaners.
(1900) A rebellion by the people of China to end foreign domination.
British East india Company
Joint stock company controlled most of India during period of imperialism. Controlled the political, social, and economic life in India for 200+ years.
The policy of maintaining colonies as a source of raw materials and new markets. Practiced during old and new imperialism.
A nation's actions regarding how they treat other nations.
The complete control of a weaker nation's social, economic or political life by a stronger nation.
In the 2nd half of the 19th century, it was the fundamental change in the way goods were produced through the use of machines, capital, and the centralization of work forces in factories. It completely altered the social, economic, and political structure of most of Europe, Japan, and the United States.
Pride in one's country or culture, often excessive in nature.
Early 19th century, Great Britain started to import opium, processed from poppy plants grown in the Crown Colony of India, into China. Chinese officials attempted to ban the importing of opium, but failed. British declared war on China in a series of conflicts called the Opium Wars. Superior British military technology allowed them to claim victory and subject the Chinese to a series of unequal treaties.
Scramble For Africa
Term given for the quick invasion of Africa by European powers. This began imperialism in Africa.
Sepoy Mutiny (1857-1859)
A revolt by the hired Hindu and Muslim soldiers of British East India Company. Began as a result of rifle cartridges that were distributed to the Sepoys had to be bitten to remove a cover before being inserted into a gun. Rumors spead among the Sepoys that this cover had been greased with beef and pork fat. This angered Muslim Sepoys who were not supposed to eat pork, and the Hindu Sepoys who were not supposed to eat beef. So, the Sepoys revolted against the British army, which eventually ended the conflict through use of force. This resulted in the British government officially taking control of India, making it a colony.
A person forced to work for another with no payment or freedom to seek work elsewhere. A slave can be bought and sold.
The buying and selling of people for the purposes of slavery.
A social theory which states that the level a person rises to in society and wealth is determined by their genetic background.
The right of a country to govern itself without interference.
The White Man's Burden
Poem by Rudyard Kipling in 1899. It is also the name given to the idea that the culture of the native populations where European imperialism was occurring were inferior to western nations. Some interpreted Kipling's poem to mean that it was the duty of imperializing nations to bring western culture and sensibility to the savage native populations that were encountered in far off lands.
The name of a tribe of South Africa people who live in the northern part of Natal. They were the dominate tribe in the late 19th century when European Imperialism began. They resisted both the Boers and the British, but ultimately lost their homeland and freedom by 1879.