invaders, ruled Egypt from 1640 to 1570 B.C their invasion shook the Ehytian's confidence in the desert barriers protecting their kinddom, they had chariots
1570-1075 B.C, started by Queen Ahotep overtrhrowing Hyksos with her husbands troops and built an empire in Egypt
1472-1458 B.C, boldly declared herself pharaoh. She took over her stepson's reign. Different from other leaders by encouraging trade.
Hatshesput's stepson that led numerour and victorious invasions into Palestine and Syria. Expanded the empire into Nubia
1290-1224 B.C Hititte pharaoh, made a treaty with Egyptians that promised "pease and brotherhood bettween us forever" lived to be 99 and had 150 children; was most powerful of Egypts leader
an ancienct kingdom in Nubia, controlled by Egypt from 751 to 671 B.C until Assyrians took over
a region of Africa that straddled the upper Nile River; a source of products and slaves for Egypt.
lies closter to Red Sea than Napata. Became active in the booomin trade between Africa, Arabia, and India. Land of Kushites.
Kushite king. led an army down Nile and overthrew the Libyian dynasty. United Nile Valley
a southwest asian kingdom that controlled a large empire from 850 to 612 B.C; a sophisticate military organization and state of the art weaponry. greatest power in Southwest Asia
Assyrian king that boasted that he saked 89 cities 829 villages, burned Babylon, and ordered most of his inhabitants killed.
Assyrian's capital along Tigris river established by Sennacherib; largest city in its day
Assyrian king, prided himself on his ability to read several different languages, made the largest library
a combined army the burned and leveled Niniveh overthrowing the Assyrians
helped with the destruction of Nineveh; made Babylon their capital
A chaldean king that restored Babylon; known for his hanging gardens listed as the Seven Wonders of the World
Persian's king, began his conquest of several neighboring kingdoms in Iran, famous for his method of governing, kindness, and respectfulness
Cyrus's son did not follow dad's lead, scorned religion and tradition of the conquered which led to rebellion
Cambyses's bodyguard; put down revolts and established a well organized administration; extended persian rule into Afghanistan and India; develeloped satraps, royal road and money system
type of government established by Darius, was a local govener "eyes and ears" of the province
1677 miles long from Persia to Anatolia; the excellent system of communication and transportation
a religious reformer who lived in 600 B.C; taght that two spiritual armies fight for possesion of a person's soul. (ahura mazda- the good; Ahriman- the bad) all souls will be judged.