How would you define the Renaissance?
The Renaissance was a departure from the Middle Ages, a fracture point where European culture was renewed. Two important aspects to this change: Revival of classical learning, character, and life & the beginning of the modern age.
What would it be like to live in Renaissance Florence?
Life in Renaissance Florence would be quite hectic, and the streets were quite packed with traders, beggars, and tourists. Some places of interest included the Duomo (largest church in Florence), the Ponte Vecchio (central market place for Florence's residents), the Palazzo de Signori (Old Palace), the Santa Croce (convent), and the Santa Maria Novella (basilica).
ideas that express a culture's own sense of itself and its position in history, often have little to do with the real historical experience of the period they pretend to explain.
period between the classical period and the Renaissance.
What are some of the major architectural wonders of Florence?
The Duomo (largest church in Florence), the Ponte Vecchio (central market place for Florence's residents), the Palazzo de Signori (Old Palace), the Santa Croce (convent), and the Santa Maria Novella (basilica).
What is the social hierarchy of Florence?
There were the aristocrats, such as the Medici family, who owned large areas of land outside of Florence and were very wealthy and powerful. Next were the merchants/manufacturers/traders/wonders/bakers, which were all part of the major guilds. Next came the skilled artisans, who were part of the minor guilds. After them came the unskilled artisans, who belonged to the minor guilds. At the bottom of the social hierarchy were the miserabili, or the jobless people.
Judges and notaries, importers of foreign cloth, wool manufacturers, silk merchants, bankers, furriers, doctors, and pharmacists.
Baking, inn keeping, tanning, iron working, building, and blacksmithing.
skilled workers who make goods by hand
unskilled workers who could not acquire work on a daily basis, therefore were mostly jobless.
government run by a small body of people at the top.
What is the government of Florence, and why is this important?
The government of Florence was a republic, ruled by the aristocrats and wealthy members of the major guilds. People of the major guilds could serve in the government, while the people of the minor guilds could vote and select, but not necessarily serve. This is important to know because it gives you an idea who were the most influential people at the time of the Renaissance in Florence.
government by one leader
House of Medici
the most prominent banking family of the 14th and 15th centuries; expanded wealth and became money exchangers; dominated the politics of Florence until circa 1500
wrote The Prince, advised ruler how to stay in power
A short political treatise about political power how the ruler should gain, maintain, and increase it. Machiavelli explores the problems of human nature and concludes that human beings are selfish and out to advance their own interests