government is restricted in what it can do, and people have rights that government can't take away
government that serves the will of the people
Great Charter - it limited the king's powers and granted rights to people
Petition of Right
document made by Parliament and signed by the king in 1628; it limited the king's powers and made the king subject to the law of the land
English Bill of Rights
prohibited a standing army in peacetime and included rights, such as the right to a fair trial, freedom from excessive bail, and freedom from cruel and unusual punishment
a written grant of authority from the king
colonies organized by a person to whom the king had made a grant of land (Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Delaware)
a joining of several groups for a common purpose
Albany Plan of Union
Benjamin Franklin proposed the formation of an annual congress of representatives from each of the 13 colonies for the purposes of: forming an army/navy; making war & peace with Native Americans; regulating trade with Native Americans; and collecting tax, customs, and duties.
a refusal to buy or sell certain products or services
to withdraw or cancel
government can exist only with the consent of the governed
Articles of Confederation
Plan of government adopted by the Continental Congress after the American Revolution; it established "a firm league of friendship" among the States but allowed few important powers to the central government
formal approval of a constitution, constitutional amendment, or treaty
the group of delegates who attended the Philadelphia Convention
called for a new government with three separate branches: legislative, executive, and judicial
New Jersey Plan
plan presented as an alternative to the Virginia Plan that called for a unicameral legislature in which each state would be equally represented
said that Congress should be made of two houses. In the Senate, each state would be represented equally. In the House, the representation would be based on state population.
all "free persons" should be counted, and so, too, should "three-fifths of all other persons"
Commerce and Slave Trade Compromise
Congress was forbidden the power to tax the export of goods from any state, and it could not act on the slave trade for a period of 20 years.
people who favored ratification of the Constitution
people who opposed the ratification of the Constitution