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This test does not contain much vocabulary, but more questions. It is a question based test.

Husband

Young brides lived with their ______ in ancient china.

Chang'an

What was the urban capital of the ancient Han dynasty?

No theory has won the support of most scholars

Is there any agreement between scholars on why the Han and Roman dynasties were so flourishing?

Agriculture and Human Labor

A basic fundamental resource in ancient China is ________.

Silk

What is a leading export commodity during the Han dynasty?

Pax Romana

A period of roman peace and safety with stability guaranteed by Roman Might.

Pax Deorum

Peace of the gods and is a covenant between the gods and the Roman state.

Roman Principate

What followed the Roman Republic when Octavian took control and called himself princeps, first among equals?

Equites

A class of well-to-do Italian merchants and landowners second in wealth and social status only to the senatorial class.

Pax Romana

Gave common safety and stability in the Roman Empire.

Citizenship

What did romans grant to conquered people by letting them serve in the military?

Han Dynasty

Agricultural loss, government corruption, other chinese leaders along with land growth caused the decline of what?

Wealthy male citizens

Who ruled in the Roman senate?

Romanization

What is the spread of the Latin Language and Roman way of life in the western province?

Daoism

Became popular because it brought contempment, was simple, and said to trust your own instinct.

Constantine

Who changed the Roman religion to christianity causing Christians to become accepted?

Wu Ti

He was often called Warrior Emperor and he greatly enlarged the Han Dynasty to Central Asia.

The Land

In agricultural societies, the basis of wealth is ______.

Wealthy

During the Roman Republic, all adult male citizens had the right to vote, but the votes were weighted so that the votes of the ______ counted for more.

Power

The Roman Senate was the real center of what?

166 C.E.

Representatives of Rome visited china in _______.

Augustus

Rome's ruler during the Roman Principate.

plebeians

The majority of the Roman population were called ______________ and the elite were called patricians.

Rome

The city of __________ was built on seven hills.

patron/client

In Rome's hierarchical society individuals and families were connected by complex ties of obligation. The common relationship was the __________ relationship.

life

Roman senators served in the Senate for ________.

Xiongnu

The major external threat to the Han came from a confederacy of Turkic peoples called the __________.

children

In a legal sense, Roman women never ceased being what?

Slavery

_________ was indispensable to both the Romans and the Chinese during this era.

an attack

The romans wanted to buffer against __________ which is the most convincing explanation for Rome's expansion.

Paul

The missionary carreer of who exemplified the cosmopolitan nature of the Roman Empire?

Romulus

According to popular legend, this man was cast adrift on the Tiber river and nursed by a she wolf. He later came to found the city of Rome in 753 B.C.E. What was his name?

Agriculture

This was the essential economic activity in the early Roman State in which the land was the basis of wealth.

Roman Republic

This lasted from 507 to 31 B.C.E. and was not a democracy. It was a Roman rule set into place when Brutus deposed Tarquinius Superbus in 507 B.C.E.

civil officials

A slate of _________________ was elected each year in the Roman Republic.

women

Unable to own property or represent themselves in court, Roman _________ had to depend on a male guardian to advocate interests.

numina

Early Romans believed in invisible shapeless forces known as ________.

civil service system

One of the most significant developments that took place during the Han Dynasty is the ___________________.

Liu Bang

Who was the first emperor of the Han Dynasty?

conquest

Rome's _______ of Italy was sparked by ongoing friction between the pastoral hill tribes of the Apennines, whose livelihood depended on driving their herds to seasonal grazing grounds, and the farmers of the coastal plains.

manpower

A seemingly inexhaustible reservoir of what was Rome's key element of its military success?

sheer numbers

Rome was able to take more casualties in crucial wars and still win by ______________________.

Carthaginians

In 264 and 202 B.C.E., Rome fought two protracted and bloody wars against who?

Carthaginians

These people were descendents of Phoenicians from Lebanon and settled in present-day Tunisia. They dominated the commerce of the western mediterranean. They also fought against Rome. Who were they?

between 200 and 146 B.C.E.

When did Rome get involved in a series of wars that pitted the Roman state against the major Hellenistic kingdoms in the eastern Mediteranean.

Gaius Julius Caesar

The conquest of the Celtic peoples of Gual by Rome's most brilliant general, ______________________, between 59 and 51 B.C.E. led to Rome's first territorial acquisitions in Europe's Heartland

Broad Estates

What is a Roman latifundia?

Sulla, Pompey, Julius Caesar, Mark Antony and Octavian

These series of individuals during 88 and 31 B.C.E. commanded armies that turned out to be more loyal to them then to the state. Who were these individuals. (Put in the order the book gives it to you)

new laws

During the Roman Principate, the emperor became a major source of what?

Atrium

In Rome, this was a rectangular courtyard with a skylight that let in light and rainwater for drinking and washing. Usually, upper class Roman townhouses would be centered around this.

Jesus

A young carpenter from Galilee region in Northern Israel. He was called the Messiah.

Pontius Pilate

Jesus was imprisoned, condemned, and executed by crucifixion by the order of what Roman Governor?

Aqueducts

These were long elevated or underground conduits.

The Qin Empire

What was the first chinese empire?

Shang

This dynasty lasted from 1750-1027 B.C.E.

Zhou

This dynasty lasted from 1027- 221 B.C.E.

Warring States Period

What was the name given to the period in where China was devided into a series of rival states that had great hostility towards one another?

The Father

In a Han Chinese family, absolute authority rested with whom?

Li Si

Developing earlier Legalist thinking, who insisted that the will of the ruler was supreme, and that is was necessary to impose disclipine and obedience on the subjects through the rigid applications of reward and punishments?

Emperor Wu

Who launched a period of military expansion, south into Fijian, Guangdong, and present day north Vietnam?

Luoyang

From 23- 220 C.E., where was the capital of the Han Empire?

The Gentry

In the Han Empire, who was the class next in wealth below the aristocrats.

The Watermill

This appeared in China long before it appeared in Europe and was used to harness the power of running water to turn a grindstone.

The Chinese

Who were the first to make paper probably as early as the second century B.C.E.?

Local Market Centers

Population growth and increasing trade gave rise to what in China?

the Family

In Both the Roman and Chinese cultures, who was headed by an all-powerful patriarch?

Agriculture

What was a fundamental economic activity and source of wealth in both civilizations?

free Peasants

Both empires depended on what to pay for taxes and serve in armed forces?

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