DJHS -8th Grade World History Ancient India

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Dauphin Junior High school, 8th grade world history - Chapter 6 ancient India

Ganges & Indus

Most important rivers in India

Asoka

considered to be the Mauryan dynasty's greatest king

35,000

population of ancient Indian cities

Pataliputra

capital city

Chandragupta

founded India's first empire

pilgrams

used trade routes to travel to religious shrines

Indo-Europeans

Aryans derived from this group

caste

social group one is born into

raja

prince

Himalayas

mountian range that separated India from the rest of Asia

monsoons

strong winds that blow one direction in the winter and the opposite in the summer

sanskrit

written language developed by the Aryans

Kshtriyas

warriors and rulers

Vaisyas

common people

Guru

teacher of upper caste boys

centralized government

government run from a capital city

Polagamy

a man could take another wife if they had no children

Gupta

When there was a golden age in India

Aryans

created the caste system. Nomadic people that conquered Harappans and most of India

caste system

determined a person's job, social group, and marriage

Alexander the Great

conquered India, but left suddenly which led to India's first empire.

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