LAB TEST 2

Created by tianna_ray 

Upgrade to
remove ads

68 terms

Basale

epidermal region exhibiting most rapid cell division; location of melanocytes and merkel cells

Corneum

dead cells; scale like; full of keratin

Granulosem

contains lamellated granules and keratohyaline granules; upper border of this layer cells are beginning to die

Lucidum

translucent cells in thick skin containing keratin fibrils

Spinosum

mitotic cells filled with intermediate filaments; area where weblike pre-keratin filaments first appear

Papillary Layer

superficial dermal layer responsible for fingerprints; region of areolar connective tissue

Recticular Layer

deepest skin (dermal) layer; dense irregular connective tissue; contains arteries, veins, sweat, and sebaceous glands

Epidermis

major skin area that produces derivatives (hair and nails)

Dermis

vascular region of the skin

Arrector Pilli

tiny muscles, attached to hair follicles, that pull hair upright during fright or cold

Cutaneous Receptors

specialized nerve endings that respond to temperature, touch, etc.

Hair

primarily dead/keratinized cells

Hair Follicle

sheath formed of both epitheleal and connective tissue

Nail

has a luna and a cuticle

Sebaceous Glands

oil gland; found everywhere on body except palms and soles; produces oily accumulation; secretes lubricant for hair and skin

Apocrine Sweat Gland

less numerous type of sweat gland; found in pubic and axillary

Eccrine Sweat Gland

sweat glands with a role in temp control; found everwhere on body

Diaphysis

made of compact bone; term for shaft

Endosteum

lines canals of spongy and compact bone; major submembranous site of osteoclasts

Epiphysis

contains spongy bone in adults; proximal and distal on either side of shaft

Periosteum

outer layer of bone; major submembraneous site of osteoblasts

Canaliculi

minute canals connecting osteocytes to an osteon

Central Canal

longitudinal canal carrying blood vessels, lymphatics, and nerves

Concentric Lamellae

layers of bony matrix around a central canal

Lacunae

site of osteocytes

Matrix

inorganic salts deposited in organic ground substance

frontal

forehead bone

zygomatic

cheekbone

mandible

lower jaw; site of mental process

nasal

bridge of nose

palatine

posterior bones of the hard palate

parietal

much of the lateral and superior cranium

occipital

most posterior part of the cranium; condyles here articulate with the atlas

sphenoid

bat shaped bone that forms cranial floor; site if sella turcica

lacrimal

tiny bones bearing tear ducts

maxilla

anterior part of hard palate

ethmoid

superior and medial nasal conchae formed from its projections; site of cribriform plate; bears cocks comb

temporal

site of styloid and mastoid process; middle ear found here

Four bones containing paranasal sinuses

ethmoid, frontal, maxilla, sphenoid

hyoid

small u-shaped bone in neck, where many tongue muscles attach

vomer

nasal septum

Cervical

vertebral type containing foramina in the transverse process, through which the vertebraes ascend to reach the brain.

axis

dens provides a pivot for side to side rotation of the first vertebra

atlas

supports the head; allows up and down movement of hear (rocking)

thoracic

transverse process faceted for articulation with ribs

sacrum

composite bone; articulates with the hip bone laterally

lumbar

massive vertebrae; weight sustaining

coccyx

tail bone; vestigial fused vertebrae

carpals

wrist bones

clavicle

bone of shoulder girdle; articlutes with and trasmits forces to bony thorax

humerus

arm bone

metacarpals

heads of these bone form the knuckles

phalanges

finger bones

radius

forearm bone

scapula

shoulder girdle bone, unnatached to axial skeleton

sternum

articulates with clavicle

trochlea

distal condyle of the humerus that articulates with the ulna

ulna

forearm bone; creates the large bump of the wrist

acetabulum

deep socket in coxal bone that recieves the head of thigh bone

femur

longest, strongest bone in the body

fibula

thin, laterla leg bone

tibia

heavy, medial leg bone

iliac crest

superior most margin of the coxal bone

ilium

fused with ischium and pubis to form coxal bone; part of pelvic girdle

metatarsals

bones forming foot

patella

kneecap

pubic symphisis

point where the coxal bones join anteriorly

pubis

fused with ilium and ischium to form coxal bone

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set