Describe some aspects of primate morphology.
1. Flat faces with reduced snouts
2. Highly reliant on vision
3. 5 digits on hands and feet, opposable thumbs
4. brains are large in relation to body
Five major dietary patterns of primates
1. Frugivores (mainly fruit)
2. Folivores (mainly leaves)
3. Insectivore (mainly insects)
4. Gummivores (mainly gums and saps of trees)
5. Omnivores (Generalists)
What is brachiation?
Using the forelimbs to swing from branch to branch, distinctive to apes
Name some examples of non human primate cultural behavior
Chimps use leaves to clean themselves after sex, great apes living in nests, Macaques washing sweet potatoes in the ocean in Japan
What is the oldest known hominin fossil?
What is the term for the emergence and spread of agriculture in the Old World?
The Neolithic revolution
Name three or more things that differentiate a city from a village or town
2. Cities have occupational specialization
3. Elaborate architecture
4. Central services like temples
What kind of power do states have by definition?
Did states and civilizations develop in the New World?
Yes after the rise of agriculture which came later than in the Old World. Ex) Inca, Moche, and Mississippian cultures
Where does archaeological and genetic evidence place the origin of anatomically modern humans? Where was the last place they reached?
Africa, and they ended in North and South America
Who is Birute Galdikas?
She studies orangutans in Indonesia and is devoted to saving them
How does Ian Gilligan think Neanderthals died out?
They were built for cold weather, but not extreme cold weather. Their Mousterian tools could make simple clothes but not complex