very powerful government officials who control public funds ($) and foreign policy
powerful magistrates who registered citizens by wealth and chose candidates for the Senate
groups of citizens who voted on laws and elected Roman officials, such as consuls
one of the two chief executives that ran the Roman government (like USA's president)
1 of the 2 classes of the Roman people; they were poor farmers & workers who could vote but not be in government
an absolute ruler of Rome ( for 6 months andchosen by the consuls)
elected officials who helped consuls, ran the courts in peace times & led armies in war times
1 of 2 classes of Roman people; they were powerful & wealthy landowners that ran the government
a Roman elected official (anyone who is elected by a vote)
one of the 10 elected Roman officials who helped control the Senate
Conflict of Orders
the long struggle of the poor people in Rome to gain more rights
checks and balances
a principle which keeps each part of government from becoming too strong
a wealthy and powerful businessman and landowner who made a lot of money from trade
Roman general that won the battle of Zama and defeated Hannibal and Carthage
when a consul refuses to approve something from the other consul: "just say no"
part of the Roman army, one of about 5,000 citizens soldiers in each legion
Roman laws that were finally written down and placed in the Forum for everyone to read
a government where voters elect officials to run the state
a Roman territory that had Roman subjects but no citizens (they had no rights)
great general from Carthage who attacked Italy & burned the countryside during 2nd Punic War
the _______ of Roman Republic's location to nearby seas meant they could trade easily with others
Who were the first people to live in Rome?
What early people of northern Italy had a written language, paved roads, and influenced the Romans?
Which culture and their gods influenced the Romans?
In the early Roman Republic who could vote but could not hold public office or know the laws?
To encourage loyalty, what did Romans give to people of nearby Italian cities?
Partial Roman Citizens
Who could own property and marry but NOT vote?
First Punic War started
When Carthage feared the Romans would take over Sicily & the Romans feared Carthage would prevent Roman expansion, what happened?
What did Romans use during the First Punic War to attack Carthage's ships (after ramming ship) ?
Third Punic War
When did the Romans completely destroy the city of Carthage and pour salt in their fields?
Who often took bribes and not help the people in the Roman provinces?
The ______ of Rome's location was it was easily attacked by sea or through the Alps Mountains
Who was independent but had to provide soldiers and land for Rome?
ram ship & use boarding bridge
How was the Roman army able to attack Carthage ships during first Punic War?
What did Roman soldiers return to at the end of the second Punic War?
gap between rich and poor
What caused many problems (such as the Conflict of Orders) as the Roman Republic became bigger?