CSW Prep - Chile
|Define the Chilean borders and describe their significance.||The desert to the north, the tall Andean peaks to the east, the Pacific Ocean to the west, and the cooler temps in the south from the maritime climate|
|What is the largest fine wine region in Chile?||The Central Valley is, by far, the largest fine wine region in Chile.|
|What is País?||A grape once used for sacremental wine|
|What influences Chile's weather patterns?||Weather patterns are significantly influenced by the Pacific Ocean and its cold Humboldt Current.|
|True or False: Rainfall increases and temperatures decrease as you progress south down Chile's Central Valley.||True.Progressing south and east from the northern portion of the Central Valley, rainfall increases and temperatures decrease|
|Describe the "rule of 75 percent."|| Under Chilean wine law updated in 1996, the "rule of 75 percent" established the minimum proportions for:|
* Place of origin
Many wineries still use 85% to be compliant for EU exports.
|In Chile, much of what is believed to be Merlot actually turned out to be something else. What?||Much of what was thought to be Merlot is actually Carmenère.|
|A fourth of Chile's Chardonnay comes from one wine region. Which one?||Almost a quarter of Chile's Chardonnay is grown is Casablanca, and there is some growing excitement over the Pinot Noir plantings in the areas as well|
|Name three wine growing areas with Chile's Central Valley.|| There are four, all are Valleys:|
Maipo Valley - status symbol estates.
Rapel Valley - wide expanses of flat farmland.
Curicó Valley - coastal range, quite warm.
Maule Valley - cloud cover and cooler temp.
|What wine growing district lies at the southern end of Chile's Central Valley?||The Bio-Bio Valley marks the southern end of the Central Valley. The Coastal Range is lower here, so the weather is more heavily affected by the Pacific Ocean. There is more rain, less sun, and cooler temperatures. (p85)|
|What is the leading red grape variety in Chile?||Cabernet Sauvignon|
|What are the leading white grapes?||Sauvignon Blanc and Chardonnay|
|What characteristics help identify Carmeniere?||mocha, sweet herb, black cherries, and spice|
|For which other wine is Carmeniere ofen mistaken?||Merlot|
|Towhich grapes is Bio Bio dedicated?||Pais and Moscatel|