5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- karma marga
- Rig Veda
- jnana marga
- a a collections of 1, 017 Sanskrit hymns composed about 1500BC earlier; Hinduism's oldest text.
- b "the path of works" - One of the three Hindu paths to salvation, emphasizing performing right actions according to dharma.
- c the traditional practice of burning a widow on her husband's funeral pyre; outlawed in 1829, though it still occurs rarely.
- d "the path of knowledge" - one of the three Hindu paths to salvation, emphasizing knowing the true nature of reality through learning and meditation.
- e liberation or release of the individual self, atman, from the bondage of samsara, salvation; one of the four goals of life.
5 Multiple choice questions
- cosmic illusion brought about by divine creative power.
- the third of the four classes of the caste system, traditionally made up of producers, such as farmers, merchants, and artisans.
- the doctrine that reality is ultimately made up of only one essence.
- the eternal essence of reality and the source of the universe, beyond the reach of human perception and thought.
- - the most popular of the three Hindu paths to salvation, emphasizing loving devotion to one's chosen god or goddess.
5 True/False questions
caste system → traditional division of Hindu society into various categories; there are four main varnas; or classes:Brahmin, kshatriya, vaishya, and shudra; each class contains certain subgroups, resulting in more than three thousand categories.
Atman → the eternal essence of reality and the source of the universe, beyond the reach of human perception and thought.
samadhi → a trancelike state in which self-consciousness is lost and the mind is absorbed into the ultimate reality; the culmination of the eight steps of Yoga.
ascetic → one who renounces physical pleasures and worldly attachments for the sake of spiritual advancement; common in Hinduism and many other religious traditions, most notably Jainism.
karma → pleasure, especially sensual love; one of the four goals of life.