5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- a material success and social prestige, one of the four goals of life.
- b The eternal self, which the Upanishads identify with Brahman; often lowercase: the eternal Self or soul on an individual that is reincarnated from one body to the next and is ultimately identified with Atman.
- c the traditional practice of burning a widow on her husband's funeral pyre; outlawed in 1829, though it still occurs rarely.
- d one who renounces physical pleasures and worldly attachments for the sake of spiritual advancement; common in Hinduism and many other religious traditions, most notably Jainism.
- e the highest of the four classes of the caste system, traditionally made up of priests.
5 Multiple choice questions
- the moral law of cause and effect of actions; determines the nature of one's reincarnation.
- traditional division of Hindu society into various categories; there are four main varnas; or classes:Brahmin, kshatriya, vaishya, and shudra; each class contains certain subgroups, resulting in more than three thousand categories.
- the doctrine that reality is ultimately made up of only one essence.
- an incarnation, or living embodiment, or a deity, usually Vishnu, who is sent to earth to accomplish a divine purpose; Krishna and Rama are the most popular avatars.
- liberation or release of the individual self, atman, from the bondage of samsara, salvation; one of the four goals of life.
5 True/False questions
Brahman → the eternal essence of reality and the source of the universe, beyond the reach of human perception and thought.
dharma → Ethical duty based on the divine order of reality; one of the four goals of life.
samadhi → pleasure, especially sensual love; one of the four goals of life.
Rig Veda → Ethical duty based on the divine order of reality; one of the four goals of life.
vaishya → the third of the four classes of the caste system, traditionally made up of producers, such as farmers, merchants, and artisans.