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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Brahman
  2. caste system
  3. shudra
  4. artha
  5. Rig Veda
  1. a material success and social prestige, one of the four goals of life.
  2. b a collections of 1, 017 Sanskrit hymns composed about 1500BC earlier; Hinduism's oldest text.
  3. c the lowest of the four classes of the caste system, traditionally made up of servants and laborers.
  4. d traditional division of Hindu society into various categories; there are four main varnas; or classes:Brahmin, kshatriya, vaishya, and shudra; each class contains certain subgroups, resulting in more than three thousand categories.
  5. e the eternal essence of reality and the source of the universe, beyond the reach of human perception and thought.

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. cosmic illusion brought about by divine creative power.
  2. an incarnation, or living embodiment, or a deity, usually Vishnu, who is sent to earth to accomplish a divine purpose; Krishna and Rama are the most popular avatars.
  3. the doctrine that reality is ultimately made up of only one essence.
  4. the traditional practice of burning a widow on her husband's funeral pyre; outlawed in 1829, though it still occurs rarely.
  5. "the path of knowledge" - one of the three Hindu paths to salvation, emphasizing knowing the true nature of reality through learning and meditation.

5 True/False Questions

  1. asceticthe traditional practice of burning a widow on her husband's funeral pyre; outlawed in 1829, though it still occurs rarely.

          

  2. samadhia trancelike state in which self-consciousness is lost and the mind is absorbed into the ultimate reality; the culmination of the eight steps of Yoga.

          

  3. vaishyathe third of the four classes of the caste system, traditionally made up of producers, such as farmers, merchants, and artisans.

          

  4. karma marga"the path of works" - One of the three Hindu paths to salvation, emphasizing performing right actions according to dharma.

          

  5. kshatriyathe lowest of the four classes of the caste system, traditionally made up of servants and laborers.

          

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