What is a leveling mechanism?
Means of keeping goods in circulation rather than allowing for the accumulation of wealth.
Give an example of a redistribution system
What is the name for the exchange of goods and services of roughly equal value, usually between people of similar social status
A Kula ring is an example of what kind of exchange?
Exploitation, such as forced prostitution, is best understood as what form of exchange?
Besides money, what else do people exchange?
Labor, symbolic goods, material goods, and people
What is an entitlement? What is an example of indirect and direct entitlement?
An entitlement is a culturally defined right to provide for one's life needs. Direct: Food
What did Elizabeth Chin find out in her study on poor black children's consumption in New Haven?
The females spent half of their money on gifts for family members. They did not complain about personal consumption desires
Using Harris' materialist perspective and Mary Douglas' symbolic perspective explain why many Middle-Eastern based religions/cultures don't eat pigs.
Materialist: It is difficult to raise pigs in much of the middle east therefore it does not make sense to eat pigs.
Symbolic: It is a symbol of purity not to eat pigs
What is exchanged in the San Juan fiesta in Ecuador?
Food and especially alcohol. People will host you in their homes, and it is later expected that you eventually host them
In Oman how do women differ in how they show hospitality according to each guest?
What they serve, how many plates, and the variety of food they serve. Guests show their relationship by how much they eat.
What is generalized reciprocity?
A gift given without thinking about how or when it will be returned
What important factors shape the effects of Indian gaming in California?
Gaming establishments are located on existing tribal trust lands, so revenues support the community and government activities. Employment is localized on and around the lands.
What kind of exchange is between the Lese and Efe of the Democratic Republic of the Congo?
Unequal exchange, the Lese give high status cultivated foods and iron while the Efe give forest goods. Efe men can't marry Lese women although Lese men can marry Efe women. More Lese power over Efe
How has Western contact affected consumption/health of Amazon tribes?
They now work to trade instead of having leisure/ceremonial time. They eat more sugar and salt and have a higher rate of diabetes and tooth decay
How did the fall of communism in Russia affect health?
With more inequality there was more poor and ultra-poor. Some got more food, but way more did not get enough to eat.
The Kwakwaka'wakw are associated with what researcher? What are some concepts that he talked about concerning these people?
Franz Boas, who is famous for cultural relativism. He talked about the importance of potlatches