Sociology Test Ch. 1-4

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Which best describes the culture?

Culture refers to the sets of values and ideals that we understand to define morality, good and

What is an achieved status best defined as?

A voluntary status one attains.

_________ refers to formal and systematic information, organized and coherent.

Data

John tells vulgar jokes with his buddies all the time and he often makes up stories about his ex life that he believes are funny. However, when John is with his mother he is the exact opposite, often critical of others who make such jokes or tell such stories around his mother. What is John's behavior an example of?

Impression management

Which theorist is credited with first describing the essential characteristics of bureaucracies?

Max Weber

Jenny is performing analysis on already existing data and is performing ________ analysis.

Secondary

What is most accurate about the Internet and networks?

Message boards and chat rooms allow people more creativity in playing roles than may exist in live interaction.

When a researcher wants to begin researching he needs approval from what university group?

IRB

When a person attempts to give the best performance possible, he/she is doing what type of work according to Goffman?

Face

What theorist argued that different groups possess "cultural "?

Pierre Bourdieu

According to Durkheim which form of solidarity exists when people are interdependent, share less obvious common values, have diverse and conflicting interests, and a more complex division of labor?

Organic

What form of observation does a researcher perform if she is not involved in any way in the event being observed?

Detached

Which sociological theorist was a central figure of structural-functional analysis?

Talcott Parsons

is an organized collection of individuals and institutions.

Society

___________ status refers to status we receive involuntarily, such as being "male" or being "female".

Ascribed

Christopher is planning his experiment. He will introduce change into group A and group B will not experience any change. Which group is the control group in Christopher's experiment?

Group B

What could content analysis include in its intensive reading?

Books, Magazines, newspapers, articles...

Relatively weak and informal norms are ________.

Folkways

Fashions are more permanent than a ________.

Fad

What is a correlation?

A relationship between two phenomena.

__________ is a field method used most often by anthropologists when they study other cultures.

Ethnography

Sociology is best described as

The study of human behavior in society

____________ examines how an individual's interactions with his or her environment--other people, institutions, ideas-- help a person develop a sense of "self".

symbolic interactionism

What term did Max Weber use to identify "intersubjective understanding"?

Verstehen

Which best describes a hypothesis?

Predicts a relationship between two variables, independent and dependent

The vast differences that can exist between the world's many cultures are representative of what concept?

Cultural Diversity

What concept is defined as an organized collection of individuals and institutions, bounded by space in a coherent territory, subject to the same political authority, and organized through a shared set of cultural expectations and values?

Socirety

What according to Robert Merton, can the functions of any institution or interactions be?

Either Manifest or Latent

Which term refers to the spreading of new ideas through a society, independent of a population movement?

Cultural diffusion

Which is NOT an example of a fad?

The Pledge of Allegiance

According to Durkheim, which form of solidarity shares a common culture and sense of morality?

Mechanical Solidarity

Cultural _______ proposes that all cultures are equally valid in the experience of their own members.

Relativism

Enthnocentrism is based in what belief?

A belief that one's culture is superior to others

Which is a central component of Karl Marx's theoretical framework?

Capitalism

Which of the following is one of the stages that Comte believed each society passes through?

Metaphysical

In Democracy of America, what did Alexis de Tocqueville call America?

"A nation of joiners"

A group of only two people is a ________.

Dyad

Weber added the concepts of "status" and _________ to class.

party

___________ functions are hidden and unintended.

Latent

Which hypothesis proposes that language shapes our perceptions?

Sapir-Whorf

refers to any position that carries with it certain expectations, rights, and responsibilities.

Status

What does a Likert scale measure?

Levels of agreement or disagreement with a set of offered statements on a questionnaire.

Nations that are interconnected through economic, political, cultural, and social means bringing together different groups of people all over the world are an example of ___________.

Globalization

Which is not true about mores?

They are weak norms that are informally enforced.

Which theorist explained that people create a "self" through our interactions with others?

Robert Mead

Who coined the term sociology?

Auguste Comte

The American flag is a ________ because it carries an additional meaning beyond itself to others who share in the American culture.

Symbol

Which of the following is an example of nonmaterial culture?

Democracy

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