refers to discontinuing medical care without making sure that another health-care profeeional with equal or a higher level of traning has taken over patient care.
A patient's instructions, written in advance, regarding the kind of resuscitation efforts that should be made in a life- threatening emergency.
An act that unlawfully places a person in apprehension of immediate bodily harm without his consent.
The unlawful touching of another individual without his consent.
Breach of Duty
occurs when you either fail to act or act inappropriately
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation; an emergency procedure consisting of external cardiac massage and artificial respiration
A competent adult is one who is lucid and able to make an informed decision about medical care.
Permission to provide emergency care to. (See expressed consent and implied consent)
Do Not Resuscitate (DNR)Order (DNRO)
A document that relates the chronically or terminally ill patient's wished not to be resuscitated.
Duty to Act
The legal obligation to provide emergency care to a patient who requires it.
A minor who is married, pregnant, a parent, in the armed forces, or financilly independent and living away from home with premission of the courts.
Emergency Medical Services system; An EMS System is a network or personnel, equipment,and resources established to provide emergency medical care to the community. Includes out-of-hospital and in-hospital services 1).First responder - 2).EMT Basic - 3).EMT Paramedic
Emergency Medical Technician; provides basic care for medical emergencies, illness, injury
Premission that must be obtained from every responsive, competent adult patient befor medical care may be rendered. State v. Swank
Good Samaritan Act
a person who renders emergency are in good faith at the scene of an accident is immune from civil liability
Willful and wanton misconduct.
Health Insurance Protability and Accountability Act;
A federal regulation in the United States enacted in 1996. One aspect of this regulation addresses the security and privacy of medical records.
The assumption that in an emergency a patient who cannot give permission for medical care would give it if he or she could. Ming v. Interamericancar rental
A person's agreement to allow something to happen made with full knowledge of the risks involved and the alternatives
Any person under the legally difined age of an adult; usually under age 18 or 21.
Emergency care that deviates from the appected standard of care and results in further injury to the patients.
1). Duty to Act- you were supposed to be there
2). Breach of standard of care- What did you do wrong
3). Causation- What you did to cause the injury
4). Damages- The patient suffers an injury; an injury in addition to the original
Scope of Care
Actions the First Responders may legally provide.
Standard of Care
The care expected to be provided to the same patient under the same circumstances by another First Responder who had the same training.
United States Department of Transportation; Although each state regulates its EMS System, The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and the United States Department of Transportation set the standard.