Latin America Vocabulary

25 terms by mrdgeography

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pampas

temperate grassland located in Argentina

llanos

tropical grassland located in Colombia and Venezuela

vertical zonation

when different vegetation grows at different elevations

NAFTA

trade agreement between the U.S., Mexico, and Canada

Inca

native group that lived in Peru and Chile

Maya

native group that built large cities with pyramids in Mexico, Belize, and Guatemala

Aztec

native group that lived around modern Mexico City

mestizo

a person of mixed European and native ancestry

hacienda

large farm or ranch similar to a plantation owned by a rich landlord

ejido

land that is jointly owned by farmers

deforestation

when trees are cut down faster than they can grow back

subsistence farming

when someone grows just enough food to live

ring of fire

an area around the Pacific Ocean where many plates meet and earthquakes and volcanoes are common

cash crop

crops that are grown for export such as sugar and cotton

slash and burn

a method of farming where farmers cut down trees then burn them to fertilize the soil

archipelago

a group of islands

gaucho

a cowboy in Argentina

squatter settlement

areas in the city where people have illegally occupied the land and built poor houses

reggae

a type of music from Jamaica

atacama

a desert on the coast of Chile and Peru

andes

mountains that run from Colombia to Argentina

amazon

a river that runs through Brazil

sierra madres

mountains in Mexico

urbanization

when people move into cities

out migration

when people leave an area looking for jobs

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