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gymnosperm

"naked seed" - seed exposed not enclosed in fruit

Angiosperm

flowering plants - seed enclosed in fruit

Heterosporous

2 types of spores for a plant

Homosporous

1 type of spore for a plant

Pollination

Transfer of pollen from male to female

Dioecious

separate male and female plants

Monoecious

male and female organs on the same plant

Strobili

Cone of a plant

Staminate

male reproductive cone; small and soft cones

Ovulate

female reproductive cone; large and rough cones

Coniferophyta

conifer trees; pine, spruce, fir, and larch

Cycadophyta

palm bushes

Ginkgophyta

fan tree; only one species;

Gnetophyta

vessel-containing gymnosperms

PInus

Evergreen; pine tree

Picea

Evergreen; spruce tree

Abies

Evergreen; fir tree

Larix

Decicuous; Larch tree

microsporangia

pollen sac; male sperm

tube cell

contains male sperm for pine pollen grains

generative cell

cell containing sperm in pine pollen grains

cycadophyta

subtropical plant abundant during triassic period

Zamia

bushy fern-like plant; separate male/female plants

Cycas

fern-like leaves above ground; separate male/female plants

Ginkgo Biloba

fan-like tree; maidenhair tree; living fossil

Ephedra

mormon tea

Gnetum

gnetophyte plant that is either tree or vine

anther

male reproductive organ in angiosperms

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