Language of Medicine Chapter 12- key words

30 terms by so_sew

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Chabner's Language of Medicine 9th edition. Key vocabulary words for Chapter 12- the respiratory system.

adenoids

lymphatic tissue in the nasopharynx; pharyngeal tonsils

alveolus

air sac in the lung

apex of the lung

tip or uppermost portion of the lung. An apex is the tip of a structure.

base of the lung

Lower portion of the lung

bronchioles

smallest branches of the bronchi. Terminal bronchioles lead to alveolar ducts.

bronchus

branch of the trachea (windpipe) that is a passageway into the lung; bronchial tube.

carbon dioxide

gas produced by body cells when oxygen and food combine; exhaled through the lungs.

cilia

thin hairs attached to the mucous membrane epithelium lining the respiratory tract. They clear bacteria and foreign substances from the lung.

diaphragm

muscle separating the chest and abdomen. It contracts and relaxes to make breathing possible.

epiglottis

lid-like piece of cartilage that covers the larnyx, preventing food from entering the larynx and trachea during swallowing.

expiration

breathing out; exhalation

hilum

midline region where bronchi, blood vessels, and nerves enter and exit the lungs

inspiration

breathing in (inhalation)

larynx

voicebox; containing the vocal cords

mediastinum

region between the lungs in the chest cavity. It contains the trachea, heart, aorta, esophagus, and bronchial tubes.

nares

openings through the nose carrying air into the nasal cavities

oxygen

gas that passes into the bloodstream at the lungs and travels to all the body cells.

palatine tonsil

one pair of almond-shaped masses of lymphatic tissue in the oropharynx.

paranasal sinus

one of the air cavities in the bones near the nose.

parietal pleura

outer fold of pleura lying closer to the ribs and chest wall

pharynx

throat; including the nasopharynx, oropharynx, and laryngopharynx

pleura

double-folded membrane surrounding each lung

pleural cavity

space between the folds of the pleura

pulmonary parenchyma

essential parts of the lung, responsible for respiration; bronchioles and alveoli

respiration

process of moving air into and out of the lungs; breathing

trachea

windpipe

visceral pleura

inner fold of pleura lying closer to the lung tissue

lobe

division of a lung

External respiration

The exchange of gases in the lung

Internal respiration

The exchange of gases in the tissue cells

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set