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Northwest Passage

believed to provide passage to the Pacific ocean from the Atlantic.

Separatists

Puritans who broke from the church of England

Puritans

Men who wanted to reform the Church of England from the Inside

Church of England

Protestant Church led by the king of England

Jamestown

First permanent English settlement in North America (1607)

John Smith

introduced work ethic to Jamestown colony, sanitation, diplomat to local Native American tribes; had fought Spanish and Turks

Pocahontas

key to English-Native American relationship, died in England in 1617

John Winthrop

Calvinist, devised concept of "city on a hill" ("A Model of Christian Charity"); founded highly successful towns in Massachusetts Bay

Atlantic Slave trade

often debtors sold to slave traders by African kings seeking riches; Columbian Exchange

Maryland act of religious toleration

mandated the toleration of all christian denominations in maryland, even though maryland was founded for catholics

William Penn & the quakers

settled in pennsylvania, believed the "Inner light" could speak through any person and ran religious services without ministers

Roger Williams

challenged New Englanders to completely separate Church from State, as the State would corrupt the church

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