MORE BIOLOGY VIRUS & BACTERIA REVIEW

20 terms by jjmdrm 

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EUBACTERIA

CELLS WALLS HAVE PEPTIDOGYLCAN

ARCHAEBACTERIA

CELL WALLS WITHOUT PEPTIDOGLYCAN

THERMOACIDOPHILES

ARCHAEBACATERIA THAT LIVE IN HOT, ACIDIC ENVIRONMENTS

HALOPHILES

ARCHAEBACTERIA THAT LIVE IN VERY SALTY ENVIRONMENTS

METHANOGENS

ARCHAEBACTERIA THAT ARE OBLIGATE ANEROBES, WHICH MEANS THEY CANNOT LIVE IN THE PRESENCE OF OXYGEN. THEY USE CARBON DIOXIDE

PROKARYOTES

ARE MICROSCOPIC UNICELLULAR ORGANISMS

BINARY FISSION

ASEXUAL REPDUCTION USED BY PROKARYOTES

CONJUGATION

TYPE OF REPRODUCTION WHEN TWO PROKARYOTES ATTACH TO EACH OTHER AN EXCHANGE GENETIC INFORMATION

HETEROTROPHIC BACTERA

CANNOT SYNTHESIZE THEIR OWN FOOD

SAPROTROPHS

THEY GET THEIR ENERGY BY DECOMPOSING ORGANIC MOLECULES ASSOCIATED WITH DEAD ORGANISMS OR ORGANIC WASTE

PHOTOAUTOTROPHS

THEY ARE PHOTOSYNTHETIC AUTOTROPHS; THEY CARRY OUT PHOTOSYNTHESIS LIKE PLANTS; THEY NEED LIGHT TO MAKE THEIR ENERGY

CHEMOAUTOTROPHS

AUTOTROPHS THAT DO NOT REQUIRE LIGHT TO MAKE THEIR ENERGY; THEY BREAKDOWN & CREATE RELEAST INOGANIC COMPOUNDS THAT CONTAIN NITROGEN OR SULFUR.

AEROBES

BACTERIA THE NEED OXYGEN TO GROW

ANAEROBIC

BACTERIA THAT DO NOT NEED OXYGEN

ENDODORPH

A DORMANT CELL THAT SOME BACTERIA PRODUCE WHEN THE ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS GET HARSH; THIS SURROUNDS THEM UNTIL THINGS GET BETTER

PATHOGEN

a virus or organism that can cause disease

VIRUS

NONLIVING STRAND OF GENETIC MATERIAL WINTHIN A PROTEIN COAT

HOST CELL

IN ORDER TO REPLICATE, A VIRUS MUST ENTER THIS TYPE OF CELL

RETROVIRUS

A VIRUS THAT HAS RNA INSTEAD OF DNA

PRION

A PROTEIN THT CAN CAUSE INFECTION ORDISEASE

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