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EXAM 1

Socrates (where & when? what did he write?)

Greece (469-399 B.C.) (Nothing)

What is Piety? (Euthyphro; 4 definitions)

1. What I am doing now
2. What is pleasing to the gods
3. What is pleasing to ALL gods
4. A part of justice

Purpose of Euthyphro

Purpose was for Socrates to show Euthyphro that he didn't know what the will of the gods was (didn't know piety)

Which characters speak in Euthyphro?

Socrates and Euthyphro

Where do Socrates and Euthyphro meet and why? (Euthyphro)

Court; Socrates is under indictment by Meletus for corrupting youth, Euthyphro is prosecuting his father for killing a servant.

How is the conversation started? (Euthyphro)

Euthyphro is surprised to see Socrates in court, asks him why he is there.

Piety definition #1

What I am doing now: He is prosecuting his father for manslaughter, which is pious. Socrates rejects because this is not a definition, just an example.

Piety definition #2

What is pleasing to the gods. Socrates says no, because gods don't always agree. good & evil arguments make people hate each other. Gods hate each other, they must disagree.

Piety definition #3

What is pleasing to ALL gods. What gods agree on, what all gods hate is impious. Socrates says: do the gods love make it pious? or do the gods love piety for the sake of piety?

Piety definition #4

Piety is a part of justice. Socrates says: What, then, makes justice and piety two different things? There is more to being pious than to being morally good.

What are the accusations against Socrates? (Apology)

Old (1. Doesn't believe in gods, 2. makes weak arguments the stronger) and New (1. Doesn't believe in city's gods, 2. Socrates corrupts the youth)

Accusation: Doesn't Believe in gods.

(old) Socrates response: friend goes to Delphi, friend is told by the oracle that Socrates is the wisest man alive.

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